Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Ficus altissima
Blume, Moraceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Ficus laccifera Roxb.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: gao shan rong

English: council tree, false banyan, lofty fig

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees in southern Florida have broad tops, with some aerial roots and few multiple trunks. The twigs are up to 0.7 cm thick, pubescent, with elongated lenticels. The bark is green or light silvery-gray. The terminal buds are plump, prominent, 3.6 cm long, up to 0.8 cm thick at the base, puberulent on the surface and on the margins of stipules, and tawny or reddish brown. The entire, glabrous leaves are alternate, equilateral, oval, up to 25 cm long and 15 cm broad, with a rounded or bluntly acuminate apex and a broad, rounded base. Venation is prominent, the midrib flanked at the base by 2 pairs of veins, 1 pair much larger than the other, forming a conspicuous angle or "V". There are 5 to 9 pairs of laterals. The texture is coriaceous to subcoriaceous. The surface is green and glossy above, but lighter-colored below. The petioles are up to 11.5 cm long and 0.7 cm broad, somewhat flattened, hardly (or indistinctly) channeled above, green or pink, and puberulent. The figs are axillary, sessile, and mostly geminate. They are spherical, up to 1.5 cm in diameter, pubescent at first, becoming smooth and glabrous, commonly scarlet, and almost devoid of exterior markings. The basal bracts are prominent, and yellowish to pink. The umbilicus is fairly prominent, scarcely 0.4 cm across, with the scales almost concealed or sunken in a pore-like depression. The interior is white" (Condit, 1969; pp. 206-207).

Habitat/ecology:  Large tree, shading out plants beneath. Can establish itself as an epiphyte on other trees, strangling them when it gets larger. Also can establish itself on walls, buildings, bridges, etc.

Propagation:  Seed. Pollination is by a species-specific wasp.

Native range:  Southern and southeastern Asia; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 44)
In primary forests at low and medium altitudes.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Shine, C./Reaser, J. K./Gutierrez, A. T., eds. (2003) (p. 166)
Potential invader.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Mountains, plains; 100-2000 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 61)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Celebes, Java, Sumatra
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaya
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Planting of this species is prohibited in Miami-Dade County, Florida (U.S.) (Hunsberger, 2001).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 29 APR 2013.