Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Dehnh., Myrtaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Reject, score: 12 (Go to the risk assessment (U.S.)).
Reject, score: 12 (Go to the risk assessment (U.S. (Florida))).

Other Latin names:  Eucalyptus longirostris F. Muell. ex Miq.; Eucalyptus rostrata Schltdl.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: chi an

English: blue gum, Murray red gum, red gum, red river gum, river gum, river red gum

French: eucalyptus rouge

Spanish: eucalipto negro, eucalipto rojo

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees 20 -45 m tall, bark white, gray, brown, or red in patches, smooth throughout.  Adult leaves alternate, blades concolorous, lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, 8-30 cm long, 0.7-2 cm wide, apex acuminate, petioles 12-15 mm long.  Flowers 7-11 in axillary, simple umbels, peduncles 6-15 mm long, pedicels 5-12 mm long; buds globose-rostrate or ovoid-conical, 6-9 mm long, 3-6 mm wide; operculum hemispherical, rostrate, or conical, apex obtuse.  Fruit hemispherical or ovoid, 5-8 mm long and wide, valves 3-5, exserted"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 951-952).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "extensively planted...and regenerating from seed at least within or near the plantations" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 951-952).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Native to much of mainland Australia, particularly in drier areas, often near watercourses" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 951-952).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 51)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 951-952)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 951-952)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 951-952)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 951-952)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 951-952)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 72)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated in Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Zhejiang.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 162)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of)   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1970) (voucher ID: PTBG 32362)
Taxon name on voucher: Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 40)
Cultivated only
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Cousin Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 30)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 52137 (US), Fosberg 52150 (US)

Comments:  Reported as possibly an invasive plant in the Galápagos Islands per Charles Darwin Research Station.


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This page was created on 21 OCT 2004 and was last updated on 20 MAR 2012.