Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Erythrina poeppigiana
(Walpers) O.F.Cook, Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 12 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Erythrina micropteryx Poepp.; Micropteryx poeppigiana Walp.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: coraltree, immortelle tree, mountain immortelle

Spanish: amasisa, anauca, bucaro, ceibo, poró extranjero, poró gigante, saibo

Habit:  tree

Description:  "This fast-growing tree...is characterized by compound leaves composed of 3 leaflets (7-25 cm in length)  with cup-shaped stipules at the base of the 2 smaller leaflets.  Racemes (10-20 cm in length) are held nearly horizontally.  The trees are at least partially deciduous in Hawaii, with displays of orange flowers developing in the winter.  The saplings have thorny trunks, becoming more or less smooth with age.  The 1.5 cm long, bean-type seeds are probably dispersed by wind, as the seed pod is light and papery"  (Daehler & Baker, 2006; pp. 7-8).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i (O‘ahu), spreading from planted trees in Lyon Arboretum.  "Seedlings and saplings were commonly seen within 100 m of planted specimens; however, spontaneous plants of all life stages, including flowering and fruiting individuals, are scattered throughout the Arboretum.  A second generation of seedlings and saplings was noted around the larger spontaneous individuals.  A naturalized flowering specimen was also observed in secondary forest on neighboring property"  (Daehler & Baker, 2006; pp. 7-8).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical America (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 7).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Daehler, Curtis C./Baker, Raymond F. (2006) (pp. 7-8)
Vouchers cited: C. Daehler 1212 (BISH), K. Nagata 808 (HLA)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Darien
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 13 FEB 2010 and was last updated on 2 NOV 2011.