Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Eragrostis scabriflora
Swallen, Poaceae
No images for this taxon


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Fijian lovegrass

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Perennial, densely tufted grassCulms erect, 20-70 cm long, glabrous.  Leaf sheath glabrous except for long hairs ca. 2 mm long at the throat; ligule a fringe of hairs ca. 0.3 mm long.  Leaf blade linear, 5-15 cm long, 1-3 mm wide, flat or slightly folded, surfaces scabrous, margins finely scabrous and often involute.  Inflorescence a panicle 5-15 cm long from the first branch, with solitary branches 1-4 cm long densely flowered from near the base.  Spikelets oblong, 4-7 mm long, 11-18-flowered, appressed to the branches.  Glumes glabrous, 1-nerved, 1.5-2 mm long, scabrid on the keel.  Lemmas 1.5-2 mm long, 3-nerved, imbricate, minutely scabrous on the keel; paleae conspicuously ciliate on the margins, about as long as the lemmas, with the caryopsis falling free of the floret.  Distinguishable by its small grass habit, panicle of short branches flowered from the base, and small brown seed that falls free of the spikelet" (Whistler & Steele, 1999; p. 85).

Description from GrassBase.

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "between 10 and 60 m on bare, dry hillsides and limestone ridges, becoming luxuriant in moist hollows" (Whistler & Steele, 1999, p. 85).  On Kwajalein, Marshall Islands, "occasional as a weed of disturbed places, such as lawns and roadsides" (Whistler & Steele, 1999, p. 85).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "This grass is native to Fiji and was considered to be endemic there, but is now known elsewhere in the Pacific from Micronesia, Polynesia, and New Caledonia" (Whistler & Steele, 1999, p. 85).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fulanga Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 303)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kambara Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 303)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Koro Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 303)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 303)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Olorua Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 303)
Voucher cited: Bryan 528
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Bikini (Pikinni) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 43)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kili (Kõle) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2006) (p. 4)
"Common to abundant; major component of grassy fields, in ruderal areas throughout most of island".
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 42)
Eragrostis brownii sensu Fosberg et al. 1987; non (Kunth) Nees
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 85)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 48044 (1966), Herbst 8890, Herbst 8954, Herbst 8983, Herbst 9001, Whistler 11235
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Rongerik (Roñdik) Atoll introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 85)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2007) (p. 3)
"Common; in lawns and ruderal areas".
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 51)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Maloelap Atoll   Imada, Clyde (2006)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Wotje (Wõjjã) Atoll introduced
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2009) (p. 3)
Voucher cited: Vander Velde 0516200910
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands native
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 85)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll introduced
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 85)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 85)


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This page was created on 16 APR 2005 and was last updated on 30 NOV 2008.