Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Elettaria cardamomum
(L.) Maton, Zingiberaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Accept, score: -1 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Amomum cardamomum L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: dou kou hua

English: cardamom

French: cardamomier, cardamone, elaiti

Spanish: caramomo

Habit:  herb

Description:  (var. major): "Leafy shoot up to 4 m high. Petioles up to 2.5 cm long; lamina up to c. 1 m x 15 cm, lanceolate, acuminate, lightly pubescent or glabrous below; ligule to 1 cm long, entire. Inflorescence usually borne separately on a prostrate (occasionally erect) stalk up to 40 cm. Bracts 2-3 x 0.8-1 cm, lanceolate, acute, glabrous, rather persistent but becoming fimbriate with age. Cincinni many-flowered. Bracteoles up to 2.5 cm long, tubular, mucronate, glabrous. Calyx up to 2 cm long, 2- or obscurely 3-lobed, lobes mucronate. Corolla-tube about as long as the calyx; lobes 1-1.5 cm long, rounded at the apex, the dorsal lobe widest. Labellum white, streaked violet, 1.5-2 x 1 cm at widest part, obovate, obscurely 3-lobed, narrowed at the base. Lateral staminodes inconspicuous, subulate. Anther sessile; thecae c. 1 cm long, parallel, connective prolonged into a short, entire crest. Ovary 2-3 mm long, glabrous. Capsule oblong or globose" (Dassanayake, 1983; oo, 529-530).

Habitat/ecology:  On La Réunion, invasive in wet lowlands forests (David Lorence, pers. com.). Valleys in humid forests in Sri Lanka and South India (Drake et al., 1989).

Propagation:  Seed?

Native range:  Southern India and Sri Lanka (Dassanayake, 1983; pp, 529-530).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 202)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 71)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
MacDonald, I. A. W./Thebaud, C./Strahm, W. A./Strasberg, D. (1991) (pp. 51-61)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Naturalisé"


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This page was created on 16 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 21 APR 2013.