Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Dysphania multifida
(L.) Mosyakin & Clemants, Chenopodiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Chenopodium multifidum L.; Roubieva multifida (L.) Moq.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: cut-leaf goosefoot, scented goosefoot, small-leaf wormseed

Spanish: chenopodium

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Plants perennial (possibly annual in some parts of its range). Stems prostrate or ascending, much-branched, 1.5-7 dm, densely puberulent. Leaves nonaromatic; petiole absent or indistinguishable from blade; blade oblong to elliptic, 0.6-4.5 x 0.1-1 (-2) cm, base narrowly cuneate, margins deeply and irregularly pinnatifid with narrow, linear lobes, sometimes only dentate, apex acute to obtuse, glandular-pubescent abaxially. Inflorescences: lateral glomerules 1.8-3.5 mm in diameter; bracts similar to cauline leaves. Flowers: perianth segments (4-) 5, connate for most of their length, urceolate, tube with distinct reticulate veins, distinct portion 0.1-0.5 mm, margins dentate, apex rounded to broadly acute, accrescent and coriaceous with age, enclosing fruit; stamens 5; stigmas (2-) 3 (-5). Achenes obovoid; pericarp loosely adherent, membranaceous, with many yellow glandular hairs near apex, otherwise smooth. Seeds vertical, suborbicular to ovoid, 0.8-1.3 x 0.8-1 mm; seed coat smooth"  (Flora of North America online).

Habitat/ecology:  In the United States: "waste ground, sandy shores and ballast dumps near coast; 0-700 m"  (Flora of North America online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Uruguay (GRIN), "introduced widely throughout the tropical and warm-temperate regions of world"  (Flora of North America online).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
As Chenopodium multifidum L.
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 553)
As Chenopodium multifidum L.
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
As Chenopodium multifidum L.
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 553)
As Chenopodium multifidum L.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 8 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 30 MAR 2011.