Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Diospyros digyna
Jacq., Ebenaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 7 (Go to the risk assessment).

Common name(s): [more details]

English: black persimmon, black sapote, brown persimmon

Filipino: sapote negro

French: barbaquois

Spanish: sapote negro, zapote negro

Habit:  tree

Description:  "A medium sized or sometimes rather large tree, as much as 25 meters high with a trunk 45 cm. in diameter; leaves on short, stout petioles, subcoriaceous, lustrous, mostly oblong or elliptic-oblong, sometimes as much as 30 cm. long, persistent, somewhat narrowed to the obtuse or subacute apex, obtuse or acute at the base, glabrous; flowers polygamous, whitish, fragrant, in small, sessile or short-pedunculate few-flowered cymes, almost 1 cm. long, the corolla sericeous outside, urceolate, the lobes much shorter than the tube, rounded; fruiting calyx about 3.5 cm. broad, usually 4-lobate; fruit globose or depressed-globose, 4-7 cm. broad, olive-green or yellowish green, the flesh when fully ripe black; seeds about 1.5-2 cm. long, brown, somewhat compressed, smooth"  (Standley and Williams, 1967; 24(8/3)247-248).

Habitat/ecology:  In Guatemala (native), "dry or wet mixed forest usually at or little above sea level"  (Standley and Williams, 1967; 24(8/3)247-248).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Central America and Colombia; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 83)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 48016)
Taxon name on voucher: Diospyros digyna
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: PTBG 15236)
Taxon name on voucher: Diospyros digyna
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 48013)
Taxon name on voucher: Diospyros digyna
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1927) (voucher ID: BISH 48011)
Taxon name on voucher: Diospyros digyna
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 48)
Voucher cited: Huvelin in MacKee 45798
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
cultivated
Randall, R. P. (2007) (p. 163)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
Standley, Paul C./Williams, Louis O. (1967) (pp. 247-248)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Comité français de l'Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature en France (2013)
Envahissant principalement dans les milieux perturbés.
French Territory of Mayotte
Mayotte Islands
Mayotte Island introduced
cultivated
Comité français de l'Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature en France (2013)
Cultivée
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 3 SEP 2012 and was last updated on 18 APR 2013.