Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Dinebra panicea subsp. brachiata
Poaceae
No images for this taxon


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Leptochloa mucronata (Michx.) Kunth; Leptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Steud.) N. Snow

Common name(s): [more details]

English: red sprangletop

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Annual; culms slender to somewhat coarse, branching, erect, or ascending from geniculate base, 15-100 cm tall; sheaths glabrous or more or less papillose-pilose with long weak hairs; ligule a ciliate membrane 1-2 mm long; blades elongate, 3-8 mm wide, glabrous or sparsely papillose-pilose; inflorescence often half the length of culm, with several to many slender spreading to reflexed branches (1) 2-8 (15) cm long; spikelets 2- or 3-flowered, 2-3 mm long; glumes 1-nerved, narrow, acuminate, subequal, scabrous on keel, nearly as long as spikelet; lemmas about 1.5 mm long, awnless, appressed-pubescent on nerves"  (Wiggins & Porter, 1971).

See also Leptochloa chinensis and Leptochloa panicea.

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  United States, Mexico, West Indies, Central America and into northern South America; naturalized in Africa and Australia (GRIN)

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Española Group
Española Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Española Group
Gardner por Espaņola Islet, Española Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Española Group
Oeste Islet, Española Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Gardner por Floreana Island, Floreana Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Pinzón Group
Pinzón Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Plaza Norte Islet, Santa Cruz Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Fé Group
Santa Fé Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Probably not native to the Galápagos Islands, possibly introduced, per Charles Darwin Research Station.


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This page was created on 22 MAY 2017 and was last updated on 22 MAY 2017.