Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Desmanthus pernambucanus
(L.) Thell., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  See Desmanthus virgatus for risk assessments for a similar species.

Other Latin names:  Mimosa pernambucana L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: he huan cao

English: anil, pigeon bundleflower

Other: jureminha

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Erect or decumbent and scrambling perennial herbs or subshrubs, 0.5 to 2 m tall, little branched from the base.  Taproot cylindrical, woody, gnarled, bark brown, corky.  Young stems angled, red or green with golden corky ridges, sparsely pubescent with tangled white hairs; older stems terete, red or brown, shiny, glabrous.  Stipules persistent, 3.0-6.1 mm long, setiform with broad, nerved auricles at the base, one of which curves abaxially under the petiole, usually puberulent with white hairs.  Leaves 4.4-11.1 cm long, petiole 6-16 mm long, rachis 10-49 mm long, sparsely pubescent; pinnae 2-4 pairs, 15-54 mm long; nectary borne between the lowest pair of pinnae elliptical, sessile, crateriform or flattened, 1.0-3.3 mm wide, oblong to linear, rounded-oblique basally, mucronulate to rounded apically, glabrous, finely ciliate along the margin with white hairs, sometimes minutely denticulate where the hairs arise, venation obscure except excentric midvein.  Heads 1 per leaf axil, borne on peduncles 1.0-4.5 cm long.  Bract subtending each flower 1.0-2.1 mm long, 0.4-0.7 mm wide, deltate, pale green with red tips, membranous with an opaque midvein, peltate and pedicellate at the center of the head, sessile and often fused into a whorl at the base of the head, strongly 1-nerved, abaxially pubescent.  Floral buds obovate, apically rounded.  Heads 0.7-1.0 cm long containing 8-13 sterile, functionally male, and perfect flowers, rarely the male flowers absent.  Sterile flowers 2-4, calyx 0.9-1.7 mm long, 0.45-1.10 mm wide, 5-lobed, widely obconic, pale green with white margins; petals 1.6-2.7 mm long, 0.40-0.65 mm wide, obovate to oblanceolate, membranous, faintly 1-nerved, white or pale green with white margins; staminodia 10, 4.7-10.0 mm long, the same width as the filaments of the functional stamens to 3 times as wide, white.  Male flowers 0-4, lacking an ovary, otherwise with a perianth and androecium like that of the perfect flowers.  Perfect flowers 4-8, calyx 2.0-3.0 mm long, obconic, the tube 1.7-2.8 mm long, 0.8-1.5 mm in diameter, rimmed with free acute lobes 0.3-0.5 mm long, pale green with white margins, glabrous; petals 3.0-4.0 mm long, 0.5-0.89 mm wide, oblanceolate, green with red or purple tips, glabrous; stamens 10, rarely 5, 5.0-7.4 mm long, anthers eglandular; ovary 1.5-2.5 mm long, linear, glabrous, style 3.0-5.1 mm long, not exserted beyond the stamens.  Fruiting peduncles 2.4-5.6 cm long bearing 1-7 pods; legumes dehiscent along both sutures, the sutural ridges curling back over the valves causing the inner surface of the pods to be slightly convex; pod 4.5-8.5 cm long, 3.2-3.9 mm wide, narrow, linear, straight, tip mostly acute, rarely attenuate with a beak to 2 mm long, valves chartaceous, glabrous or rarely pubescent, nearly black at maturity, somewhat wrinkled with raised reticulate veins, the sutural ridges lighter in color than the valves.  Seeds 13-22 per pod, 2.4-3.2 mm long, 1.9-2.4 mm wide, obliquely inserted, ovate and flattened or rhomboidal and 4-angled, black or red-brown; pleurogram 0.7-1.0 mm wide, 0.7-1.5 mm deep, deeply U-shaped, symmetrical." (Luckow, 1993).

"Desmanthus pernambucanus differs from the other species of the virgatus complex in having fewer pinnae, and fewer, larger leaflets than either D. leptophyllus or D. virgatus, and in the nyctinastic leaf movements.  Desmanthus virgatus has shorter petioles and usually more pinnae, fruit dehiscence in which the valves become convex rather than concave, and generally a smaller stature"  (Luckow, 1993; pp. 113-117).

Habitat/ecology:  In its native range, "moist roadsides, ditches, and abandoned pastures, also common in coastal thickets and along the edges of marshes; on sandy, rocky, limestone and saline soils; 0-1500 m"  (Luckow, 1993; pp. 113-117). In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in dry, open, disturbed areas, 0-215 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 665; 1876). In Fiji (as Desmanthus virgatus), "perhaps originally introduced for cultivation but now sparingly naturalized along shores and in waste places near sea level" (Smith, 1985; p. 68).  In American Samoa (as Desmanthus virgatus), "uncommon near the airport on Tutuila" (Whistler, 1988; p. 23). In New Caledonia (as Desmanthus virgatus), "a peut-être quelque valeur fourragére mais se rencontre surtout en dehors des pâturages" (MacKee, 1994; p. 76).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Native to most islands in the Caribbean..., also in South America in Guyana, Surinam, Tobago, Trinidad, and along the coasts of northeastern Brazil; one collection from Uruguay; probably introduced and widely naturalized on islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, in southern Africa, southeast Asia, and Florida, U.S.A."  (Luckow, 1993; pp. 113-117).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 23)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1992) (voucher ID: PTBG 44170)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus pernambucanus
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 27)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: Falanruw 2196 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1956) (voucher ID: BISH 82190)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 33)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 593649)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 660431)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (pp. 6, 27)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (pp. 6, 27)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: Cherrier in MacKee 44080
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (pp. 6, 27)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: Cherrier in MacKee 44080
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 422286)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 660524)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 660525)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 660526)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Waguk, Erick E. (2000) (p. 6)
Voucher: BMW 5769 (BISH, BRI, GUAM). As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 17)
Voucher cited: Lorence 8135A (PTBG)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Josekutty, P. C./Wakuk, E. E./Joseph, M. J. (2002) (p. 62)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (2000) (voucher ID: BISH 687713)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 27717)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus pernambucanus (L.) Willd.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 92)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C. (1980) (p. 205)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: Falanruw 3212 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 660536)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 68)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: DA 17038
Sparingly naturalized.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 68)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Vouchers cited: Tothill 135, DA 10221, DA L.15791
Sparingly naturalized.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 68)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Vouchers cited: Greenwood 1184, DA 4043, DA 4042
Sparingly naturalized.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 39643)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus pernambucanus
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4169 (PAP), J. Florence 6951 (PAP), J. Florence 8456 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 540435)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 558053)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 1000416)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1975) (voucher ID: PTBG 19251)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus pernambucanus
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: K. R. Wood 6419 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 27978)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus pernambucanus (L.) Thell.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 50)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 50)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Desmanthus virgatus (C. Linnaeus) C.L. Willdenow. Vouchers cited: J. Florence 2287 (PAP), W.A. Whistler & M. Guérin 30 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 492846)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1981) (voucher ID: PTBG 37297)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus pernambucanus (L.) Thell.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 10078 (PAP), J. Florence 10152 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Fourdrigniez, Marie (2008) (p. 14)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Adventice d'introduction européene.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7102 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 546531)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 6064 (PAP), J. Florence 6182 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 552794)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 297)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: Stone 4182 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 82119)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1962) (voucher ID: BISH 154243)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 154244)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 154245)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1963) (voucher ID: BISH 154246)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 572967)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 649576)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 660282)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 1000249)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1980) (voucher ID: PTBG 22717)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 665)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 665)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 665)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (p. 12)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H40128 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 665)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 665)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Ni‘ihau Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 665)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 665)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
invasive
Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (p. 283)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Naturalized
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Lifou introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 78)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: MacKee 5238
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Walpole introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 78)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: Cherrier in MacKee 44080
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 91)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 381)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Se rencontre surtout en dehors des pâturages.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 78)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Vouchers cited: Le Rat 1993, Franc 1313, Däniker 409a, Catala 66, MacDaniels 2043, Sarlin 77 s.loc., MacKee 3562, MacKee 8047, MacKee 30103, MacKee 37327
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1979) (voucher ID: BISH 664070)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 85)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 59)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1975) (voucher ID: BNM 10032)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1981) (voucher ID: BNM 3097)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 80)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 428412)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BNM 10014)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 80)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1981) (voucher ID: BNM 3127)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 80)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Guadalcanal Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 416655)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Guadalcanal Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 646947)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 91)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 65)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Midway Atoll introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 665)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-7)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 92)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1969) (p. 10)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: McFarlane 74 (US)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 633243)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Êfaté (Efete) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 618520)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of)   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 91)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Guangdong, Yunnan
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1995) (voucher ID: PTBG 37926)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmanthus pernambucanus (L.) Thell.
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Rodrigues Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Groupe d'Aldabra introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993). Voucher cited: Falanruw 3212 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
As Desmanthus virgatus but likely this species per Luckow (1993).
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
Luckow, Melissa (1993) (p. 114)
Naturalized.

Comments:  "In a recent monograph of Desmanthus (Luckow, 1993; pp. 113-117), species of the D. virgatus complex were reinterpreted.  The result is that the species naturalized on many Pacific islands, including the Hawaiian Islands, is now referred to D. pernambucanus" (Wagner & Herbst, 1995).

Quite weedy on Chuuk. Common along roadsides, extending into the forest.

First recorded in Guam (as Desmanthus virgatus) in 1964 per Stone (1970; p. 297).


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This page was created on 11 MAY 2006 and was last updated on 9 FEB 2010.