Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Derris malaccensis
(Benth.) Prain, Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Paraderris malaccensis (Benth.) Adema; Paraderris montana (Benth.) F. Adema

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: yi chi yu teng

Chuukese: wúún, wúúp

English: New Guinea creeper, tuba merah, tuba rabut, tubaroot

Fijian: nduva, nduva ni niukini, tuva

Maori (Cook Islands): ‘ora pāpua, ‘ōra pāpua, rākau pāpua

Niuean: ‘akau niukini, niukini

Samoan: ‘ava niukini, ‘ava niukini

Tongan: kava ‘au kava, kava fisi

Yapese: yuub

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Liana or scrambling shrub; leaves with 5-7 leaflets, rachis and petioles glabrous or sparingly strigillose, the proximal pair of leaflets not with deflexed petiolules, the leaflet blades 10-15 (23) cm long and 5-7 (10) cm wide or sometimes smaller, elliptic, usually gradually caudate-acuminate; inflorescences 10-16 cm long; calyx pink; petals white to pink, the banner glabrous; pods to 7.5 cm long and 2.7 cm wide, the wings on both suture ca 2-4 mm wide."  (Welsh, 1998)

"A liana or scrambling shrub, cultivated and doubtless sometimes naturalized near sea level or slightly inland.  [T]he calyx is pink and the petals white to pink; the fruits, up to 7.5 x 2.7 cm, are winged on both sutures with wings about 2 mm and 4 mm broad."  (Smith, 1985; pp. 168-169).

Habitat/ecology:  "The vigorous climbing or trailing vines usually grow in semi-shade and form quite a dense covering over the ground or on other plants"  (Sykes, 1970; p. 150).  In Fiji, "cultivated and doubtless sometimes naturalized near sea level or slightly inland"  (Smith, 1985; pp. 168-169).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Bangladesh to Malaysia and Papua New Guinea; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 39)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 49)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 35344)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis Prain
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 42)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island introduced
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 49)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 34)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 80)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 664488)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 40909)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 154146)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 154147)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1927) (voucher ID: BISH 154148)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Merlin, M./Kigfas, A./Keene, T./Juvik, J. (1996) (pp. 91, 112)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 168-169)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones-769
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 168-169)
Vouchers cited: Degener 15038, Gillespie 3664Vouchers cited:
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1927) (voucher ID: BISH 154135)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1941) (voucher ID: BISH 154136)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 11991 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 658441)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 148)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 62986
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence & R. Tahuaitu 11674 (PAP), F.R. Fosberg 61148 (PAP), F.R. Fosberg 62986 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 643302)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 35)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 64761 (US), Morris 28 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 614960)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 148)
Voucher cited: Moore 570
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Derris malabarica. Voucher cited: F.R. Fosberg & M.-H. Sachet 63223 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10497 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 642961)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tetiaroa Atoll introduced
Sachet, M.-H./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 43)
Voucher cited: Sachet 1644 (US)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
New Guinea (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea)
New Guinea Island
New Guinea Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 150)
Voucher cited: CHR 150523
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 7)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. (1997) (p. 34)
Voucher cited: Whistler 10774
Relict of former cultivation.
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (pp. 52-63)
Misidentified as Derris elliptica (Roxburgh) Bentham. Infrequent. Voucher cited: Yuncker 9984
Infrequent.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1931) (voucher ID: BISH 154144)
Taxon name on voucher: Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 66)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 66)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
As Paraderris malaccensis (Bentham) Adema. Guangdong (Guangzhou) and Hainan.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Celebes, Java, Kalimantan
Indonesia
Indonesia
West Papua Province (Indonesia) (western New Guinea Island) (formerly Irian Jaya) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Negara Brunei Darussalam
Brunei
Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)

Comments:  Often confused with D. elliptica.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 8 APR 2013.