Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Dendrocalamus brandisii
(Munro) Kurz, Poaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Bambusa brandisii Munro

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: bo shi tian long zhu

English: velvetleaf bamboo

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Culms 10-15 m, 10-12 cm in diameter; internodes 34-43 cm; wall ca. 3 cm thick. Branches several, dominant branches well developed. Culm sheaths deciduous, orange-brown to bright yellow, leathery; auricles small; ligule ca. 1 mm, margin deeply dentate; blade reflexed or nearly erect. Leaf sheaths white hairy; ligule 1.5-2 mm; blade variable, 23-30 x 2.5-5 cm. Pseudospikelets 5-25 per node, clusters 1.3-1.8 cm in diameter. Spikelets ovate-orbicular, 7-9 x 4-5 mm; florets 2-4. Glumes 1 or 2, apex acute; lemma 5-6 mm; palea 2-keeled, keels ciliate, 3-veined between keels, acute or mucronate. Filaments short; anthers green-yellow, ca. 3 mm, apiculate. Ovary ovoid; style ca. 3 mm; stigmas 1 or 2. Caryopsis ovoid, 1.5-5 mm, distally hairy, apex beaked"  (Flora of China online).

Description from Grassbase.

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Southeast Asia; cultivated elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
Randall, R. P. (2007) (p. 156)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Yunnan
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 12 JUL 2013 and was last updated on 8 AUG 2013.