Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Dendrocalamus brandisii
(Munro) Kurz, Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Bambusa brandisii Munro

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: bo shi tian long zhu

English: velvetleaf bamboo

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Culms 10-15 m, 10-12 cm in diameter; internodes 34-43 cm; wall ca. 3 cm thick. Branches several, dominant branches well developed. Culm sheaths deciduous, orange-brown to bright yellow, leathery; auricles small; ligule ca. 1 mm, margin deeply dentate; blade reflexed or nearly erect. Leaf sheaths white hairy; ligule 1.5-2 mm; blade variable, 23-30 x 2.5-5 cm. Pseudospikelets 5-25 per node, clusters 1.3-1.8 cm in diameter. Spikelets ovate-orbicular, 7-9 x 4-5 mm; florets 2-4. Glumes 1 or 2, apex acute; lemma 5-6 mm; palea 2-keeled, keels ciliate, 3-veined between keels, acute or mucronate. Filaments short; anthers green-yellow, ca. 3 mm, apiculate. Ovary ovoid; style ca. 3 mm; stigmas 1 or 2. Caryopsis ovoid, 1.5-5 mm, distally hairy, apex beaked"  (Flora of China online).

Description from Grassbase.

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Southeast Asia; cultivated elsewhere (GRIN).


Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
Randall, R. P. (2007) (p. 156)
China (People's Republic of) introduced
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Control:  If you know of control methods for Dendrocalamus brandisii, please let us know.

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This page was created on 12 JUL 2013 and was last updated on 8 AUG 2013.