Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Datura inoxia
Mill., Solanaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Reject, score: 21 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: mao man tuo luo

English: angel's trumpet, devil's trumpet, downy thorn-apple, hoary thorn-apple, Indian-apple, recurved thorn-apple, sacred datura, thorn apple

French: datura innocente

Korean: teoldogmalpul

Spanish: cacaito, toloache

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Stout annual herb, tomentose with erect, glandular hairs.  Mature leaves broadly ovate, the lamina up to 20 cm long, almost entire, slightly sinuate, or irregularly lobed towards base.  Calyx 5-11 cm long, 3-6-lobed; lobes 13-20 mm long, sometimes incompletely separated.  Corolla 12-19 cm long, white with green veins; limb undulate, appearing 10-lobed, alternate lobes broadly triangular or ending in a slender point 5-10 mm long.  Stamens not exserted; anthers 8-10 mm long.  Style 10-14 cm long; stigma well below anthers.  Capsule globose or nearly so, 3-5 cm long, deflexed, spiny; spines numerous, slender, sharp, all about equal in length, to 10 mm long; persistent base of calyx to 20 mm long, very prominent.  Seeds 4-5 mm long, brown"  (George, 1982; pp. 193-194).

Habitat/ecology:  "Devils trumpet grows naturally in disturbed areas such as eroded sites, old fields, vacant lots, overgrazed pastures and rangeland, roadsides and abandoned roadbeds, and fencerows. Apparently, disturbance and reduced competition are required for the plant to become established and grow. A wide variety of well-drained soils on both igneous and sedimentary parent materials are suitable. In Puerto Rico, the species grows naturally in areas that receive from 750 to about 1000 mm of mean annual precipitation from near sea level to about 400 m. Devil's trumpet grows on sites up to 900 m in elevation in Nicaragua (Stevens and others 2001)"  (Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories).

In New Caledonia, "assez commun comme mauvaise herbe; jamais signalé comme cultivé" (MacKee, 1994; p. 130). In Australia, a weed of disturbed areas (George, 1982; pp. 193-194).

Propagation:  "The seeds are distributed by ants and some species of birds that are resistant to the chemicals they contain (Bonde 2001)"  (Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories).

Native range:  "Native to Mexico, South America and the West Indies, but now widely distributed in warmer regions of the world" (George, 1982; pp. 193-194).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 130)
Vouchers cited: Franc 855, Catala 134, MacKee 8232, MacKee 21047
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Near villages, roadsides, also cultivated; 300-600 m. Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Shandong, Xinjiang.
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
Francis, John K., ed. (2009)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
Ching-I Peng, ed. (2013)
"A rarely collected weed".
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Texas


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 22 SEP 2002 and was last updated on 5 DEC 2010.