Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Dalechampia scandens
L., Euphorbiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: spurgecreeper

French: liane ortie, liane poilue, ortie rouge

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Slender vine, stems to 5 m long, usually twisted, hirsute. Leaves with petioles 6-7 cm long, hirsute; blades deeply 3-lobed, 5-7 x 6-12 cm, median lobe oblong to obovate, lateral lobes obliquely ovate, base deeply cordate, apices acute or acuminate, margin denticulate; stipules ovate to linear-lanceolate, 0.7-1 cm long. Inflorescences with peduncles 3-4 cm long; bracts greater than 2 x 2.5 cm, 3 or more cleft, lobes acute, white and green lined or all green; segments of pistillate calyx pectinate, setose, greater than 1 cm long in fruit. Capsules rounded, 4 mm in diameter, puberulent; seeds globose, 3 mm in diameter, gray or brown."

"Bractlike appendages within the inflorescences are usually densely covered with white stinging hairs. Similar stiff hairs are occasional on the stems, leaves, and bracts of the inflorescence" (Howard, 1989; p. 42).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mexico, West Indies, Central and South America, Cape Verde Islands, east central Africa, Arabian Peninsula (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 16 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 21 MAR 2013.