Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Dacrycarpus imbricatus
(Blume) de Laub., Podocarpaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Podocarpus cupressinus R. Br. ex Mirb.; Podocarpus imbricatus Blume

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ji mao song

Fijian: amunu, aumunu, kausola, kautambua, ndakua salusalu, salusalu

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Columnar tree to 160 feet tall; shoots on young plants often whiplike.  Leaves on young plants 2-ranked, linear and bilaterally flattened, spreading, tip bent parallel to shoot, to 0.4-0.7 x 0.05-0.1 inches; foliage leaves gradually smaller and less 2-ranked; mature leaves scalelike, usually ±0.04-0.07 inches long; leaves on secondary branches always scalelike and overlapping, not bilaterally flattened; leaves at base of receptacle 0.1-0.2 inches long.  Fruit 0.2 inches in diameter, receptacle bright red at maturity"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 72).

"Characterized by flat, linear, dimorphic leaves 0.8-1.3 cm long or ca. 0.2 cm long, the latter appressed along young, green branches.  The leaf size, shape and arrangement superficially resembles some Cupressus species.  The seeds are attached to red, fleshy receptacles"  (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 10).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i (O‘ahu), naturalized in Lyon Arboretum where  "plants of all life stages are found widely scattered throughout unmanaged parts of the Arboretum, but they were not observed at high densities anywhere"  (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 10).  In Fiji (var. patulus), "occurring in dense, dry, or secondary forest at elevations from near sea level to 1,100 m"  (Smith, 1979; p. 95)

Propagation:  Seed, presumably dispersed by birds (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 10).

Native range:  Java (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 10).  "Variety patulus has a broader distribution, extending from Burma, southern China and Hainan to the Philippines, New Hebrides, and Fiji"  (Smith, 1979; p. 96)

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 97)
var. patulus de Laubenfels. Vouchers cited: DF 521, DF 856 (S1426/4)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 97)
var. patulus de Laubenfels. Vouchers cited: Gibbs 775A/B, Vaughan 3258, de Laubenfels P331, Smith 6245, DA 2094, DF 854 (S1426/3), de Laubenfels P306, DA 14470, DF 852 (S1426/1), de Laubenfels P310, Milne s.n., DF 770 (S1426/5), DA L. 13240, DA 12427, DA 10847, Milne 31
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: PTBG 16350)
Taxon name on voucher: Dacrycarpus imbricatus (Bl.) de Laubenfels var. patulus de Laubenfels
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 655806)
Taxon name on voucher: Dacrycarpus imbricatus (Blume) de Laub.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Daehler, Curtis C./Baker, Raymond F. (2006) (p. 10)
Vouchers cited: C. Daehler 1099 (BISH, HAW), Grant 7548 (BISH), L.Pyle sub G.W. Staples 582 (BISH)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (p. 3)
As Podocarpus javanicus. Common on the higher mountains in the mossy forest, altitude 1,300 to 2,500 m.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 97)
var. patulus de Laubenfels.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
var. patulus de Laubenfels. Montane rainforests (Hainan), mixed evergreen broad-leaved forests (mainland), or in pure stands, in valleys of mountain streams on slightly acid, montane yellow-earth; 400-1500 m. NE Guangxi (Jinxiu Yaozu Zizhixian), Hainan, S Yunnan; cultivated in Guangdong.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 20 FEB 2010 and was last updated on 17 MAR 2010.