Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cymbopogon nardus
(Linnaeus) Rendle, Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Andropogon nardus L.; Cymbopogon afronardus Stapf

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ya xiang mao

English: Ceylon citronella, citronella, citronella grass, giant turpentine grass, nard grass, nardus, new citronella grass

French: citronnelle de Ceylan, citronnelle de Sri Lanka

Niuean: kamapui

Spanish: zacate limón

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Perennial from a stout rootstock. Culms tufted, robust, up to 2.5 m tall, 1-2 cm in diameter. Leaf sheaths reddish purple at base, smooth, glabrous; leaf blades dark green or dark brown when dry, drooping for 1/3 of their length, 30-100 x 1-2 cm, glabrous, abaxial surface scabrid, adaxial surface smooth, base narrow, apex long acuminate; ligule 2-3 mm. Spathate panicle large, narrow, congested, interrupted, 60-90 cm; spatheoles reddish brown, 1.2-2.5 cm; racemes 1-1.5 cm; rachis internodes and pedicels ciliate on margins; pedicel of homogamous pair not swollen. Sessile spikelet oblong-lanceolate, 3-4.5 x 1-1.2 mm; lower glume flat or slightly concave, reddish brown or purplish upward, sharply 2-keeled, keels narrowly winged, obscurely 0-3-veined between keels; upper lemma linear, entire or slightly 2-lobed, mucronate or very shortly awned. Pedicelled spikelet 3.5-7 mm"  (Flora of China online).

Description from Grassbase.

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Eastern and southern Africa, India; cultivated elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 35)
Presence questionable
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 35)
Presence questionable
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Kapingamarangi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 35)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 55)
Voucher cited: FF Sohl 64 (NY, PTBG)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 230)
"Planted near houses".
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   Smithsonian Institution (U.S.A. District of Columbia. Washington.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: US 1722067)
Taxon name on voucher: Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 238)
Clumps persisting for a number of years. Voucher cited: CHR 168798
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
Randall, R. P. (2007) (p. 145)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 12 JUL 2013 and was last updated on 6 AUG 2013.