Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cupressus goveniana
Gordon, Cupressaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Callitropsis abramsiana (C. B. Wolf) D. P. Little; Callitropsis goveniana (Gordon) D. P. Little; Cupressus abramsiana C. B. Wolf; Cupressus pigmaea (Lemmon) Sarg.; Hesperocyparis abramsiana (C. B. Wolf) Bartel; Neocupressus goveniana (Gordon) de Laub.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: jia zhou bai mu

English: Californian cypress, gowan cypress, Gowen cypress, Mendocino cypress, pygmy cypress, Santa Cruz cypress

Habit:  shrub/tree

Description:  "Shrubs or small trees usually to 10 m, but to 50 m under favorable conditions, or bearing cones at as little as 2 dm on shallow hardpan soils; crown globose to columnar, dense or sparse. Bark smooth or rough, fibrous. Branchlets decussate, 1-1.5 mm in diameter. Leaves without abaxial gland or sometimes with embedded abaxial gland that does not produce drop of resin, not glaucous. Pollen cones 3-4 x 1.5-2 mm; pollen sacs 3-6. Seed cones globose, 1-2.5 (-3) cm, grayish brown, not glaucous; scales 3-5 pairs, smooth, umbo nearly flat at maturity. Seeds 3-4 (-5) mm, dark brown to jet black, sometimes slightly glaucous"  (Flora of North America online).

Description from Flora of China.

Habitat/ecology:  In the United States (California, native), "coastal closed-cone pine forests, especially on sterile soils; 60-800 m"  (Flora of North America online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  United States (California) (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 553)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Jiangsu
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) native
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 15 DEC 2010 and was last updated on 7 JAN 2011.