Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cupressus arizonica
Greene, Cupressaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 15 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Cupressus arizonica var. glabra; Cupressus glabra Sudw.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: lu gan bai

English: Arizona cypress, Arizona smooth cypress, Cuyamaca cypress, Piute cypress, San Pedro Mártir cypress

French: cyprès d'Arizona

Spanish: cedro, cedro blanco, ciprés de Arizona, ciprés fibrosa, ciprés plateado

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees to 23 m, shrubby where subject to fires; crown conic at first, broadly columnar with age, dense. Bark smooth at first, remaining so or becoming rough, furrowed, fibrous. Branchlets decussate, 1.3-2.3 mm in diameter. Leaves usually with conspicuous, pitlike, abaxial gland that produces drop of resin, often highly glaucous. Pollen cones 2-5 x 2 mm; pollen sacs mostly 4-6. Seed cones globose or oblong, mostly 2-3 cm, gray or brown, often glaucous at first; scales mostly 3-4 pairs, smooth or with scattered resin blisters, sometimes with erect conic umbos to 4 mm, especially on apical scales. Seeds mostly 4-6 mm, light tan to dark brown, not glaucous to heavily glaucous.  Bark texture and foliage features have been used to distinguish geographic varieties or segregate species. Although bark texture may be consistent within populations, over the species as a whole there is complete intergradation between smooth and fibrous barks."  (Flora of North America online).

Habitat/ecology:  "Canyon bottoms, pinyon-juniper woodland, chaparral; 750-2000 m"  (Flora of North America online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  United States (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Texas), northern Mexico; cultivated elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1975) (voucher ID: BISH 410171)
Taxon name on voucher: Cupressus arizonica Greene
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005)
Used for reforestation. Does best at elevations over 2,500 feet.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 423501)
Taxon name on voucher: Cupressus arizonica Greene
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1948) (voucher ID: BISH 115357)
Taxon name on voucher: Cupressus arizonica Greene
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 64)
Vouchers cited: J. Bernier 376, Buchholz 1627, Baumann 8446; var bonita, MacKee 40670
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Guangxi, Jiangsu, Jiangxi
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 45)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) native
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 9 AUG 2011 and was last updated on 19 AUG 2011.