Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cuphea ignea
A.DC., Lythraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Cuphea platycentra Lem.; Parsonia ignea (A. DC) Standl.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: cigar flower, firecracker plant, firecracker-bush, Mexican cigarplant

French: herbe cigarette, herbe piment

Hawaiian: kīkā, pua kīkā

Spanish: fosforitos

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Spreading shrubs; stems 3-5 dm long, many-branched, subglabrous.  Leaves lanceolate to narrowly ovate or elliptic, 20-45 mm long, 5-12 mm wide, apex acuminate, base narrowly cuneate, petioles 1-7 mm long.  Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, pedicels 5-10 mm long; floral tube scarlet, white, subcylindrical, with a conspicuous subglobose spur, slightly falcate, 20-25 mm long; calyx teeth spreading, the lower ones slightly longer; petals absent; stamens conspicuously exserted unevenly 2-4 mm beyond the floral tube.  Capsules oblong-ovoid, 8-10 mm long.  Seeds reddish brown, suborbicular, ca. 2 mm in diameter"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 866).

Habitat/ecology:  Cultivated and sparingly naturalized in Hawai‘i (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 866).

Propagation:  Seed (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 866).

Native range:  Mexico (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 866).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 480, 526, 553)
"Localmente llamada ‘fosforitos’, fue encontrada en un unico jardin del pueblo de San Juan Bautista".
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 284-285)
Voucher cited: DA 3006
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 866)
Sparingly naturalized.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Chiapas, Oaxaca
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 30)
Cultivated only
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Trè's envahissant"
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Baret, Stephane/Rouget, Mathieu/Richardson, David M./Lavergne, Christophe/Egoh, Benis/Dupont, Joel/Strasberg, Dominique (2006) (p. 758)


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This page was created on 27 FEB 2006 and was last updated on 6 JAN 2007.