Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Crotalaria longirostrata
Hook. & Arn., Fabaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: castanet plant, long-beak rattlepod, longbeak rattlebox

Spanish: chipilín, chipilín de comer

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Erect shrubs or small trees; stems 8-30 dm long, ridged, appressed short-pubescent.  Leaves trifoliolate, leaflets elliptic, 1.3-5 cm long, 0.5-2 cm wide, veins 7-12 on each side of midvein, upper surface glabrous, lower surface appressed short-pubescent, apex rounded, base cuneate or rounded, petioles 10-30 mm long, stipules linear-triangular, 2-2.5 mm long.  Flowers 11-14 mm long, 7-35 in terminal, somewhat lax inflorescences, rachis 5-32 cm long (incl. peduncle), bracts linear-triangular, 1.5-3 mm long, pendent, usually persistent, bracteoles at mid-pedicel, linear-triangular; calyx appressed short-pubescent, the tube 5-7 mm long, the lobes 5-7 mm long, lateral lobes distinct at apex; petals greenish yellow with wine-colored lines near base, standard 10-15 mm long, 11-15.3 mm wide, wings oblong-elliptic, 9-11 mm long, 4.2-6/5 mm wide, keell petals with twisted beak prolonged, margins ciliate; elongated anthers 2-2.8 mm long, short ones 0.5-0.7 mm long.  Pods brown at maturity, 12.7-2.4 cm long, stipitate, stipe up to 1.2 mm long, appressed short-pubescent.  Seeds ca. 16 per pod, tan to brown, 2.5-3.2 mm long, smooth"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 660-661).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized along roadsides and in pastures, 400-610 m"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 660-661).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mexico and Central America (GRIN). Mexico (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 660-661).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 660-661)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 660-661)
East Maui
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 660-661)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 660-661)
Voucher cited: Heller 2033 (BISH)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 23 NOV 2006 and was last updated on 6 JAN 2007.