Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Clitoria ternatea
L., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Reject, score: 7 (Go to the risk assessment (Australia))
High risk, score: 9 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific))

Other Latin names:  Clitoria albiflora Mattei; Clitoria bracteata Poir.; Clitoria mearnsii De Wild.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: bukike, bukike paokeke, capa de la reina, kapa de la raina, paokeke

Chinese: die dou

English: Asian pigeonwings, blue-pea, bluebellvine, butterfly pea, cordofan-pea, Darwin-pea

Fijian: kau yalewa, latoela, nawa

French: honte

Other: putitainubia

Palauan: kles

Spanish: azuelo, conchitas, papito, zapatico de la reina, zapotillo

Tongan: paipa

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Fast-growing climber with pinnate leaves; leaflets mostly 5-9, one terminal, ovate-oblong, obtuse, about 3 cm long, chartaceous; stipules short linear; flowers solitary on pedicels about as long as petioles; calyx longish-tubular with narrow acute lobes half as long as the tube; standard bright blue, erect, whitish or yellow at base, half-tubular, 3 cm long (or more); other petals very small; pod flat, up to 12 cm long, beaked, with about 5 flat rounded seeds about 6-7 mm wide" (Stone, 1970; pp. 327-328).

Habitat/ecology:  Commonly cultivated as an ornamental, escaping to disturbed areas and thickets, sea level to 200 m.

In Hawai‘i, "a popular ornamental, naturalized at least on O‘ahu.  Naturalized prior to 1871"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 656).  In Fiji, "cultivated and also naturalized along roadsides and in villages, clearings, and canefields, at elevations up to about 300 m"  (Smith, 1985; pp. 233-234). Arid lowlands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999). In New Guinea, "a plant of roadsides, broken land, stream margins, and sometimes a weed of pastures. Widespread at low altitudes, mainly in dry regions" (Henty & Pritchard, 1975; p. 116). In New Caledonia, "introduit paraît-il comme plante ornamentale plutôt que fourragère. Le spécimen de Pancher était cultivé, tous les autres représenteraient des pieds spontanés dans des fourré secondaires" (MacKee, 1994; p. 81).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Exact native range obscure; widely cultivated and naturalized (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (pp. 26-27)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 31727 (US), Falanruw 1951 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 153834)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 153836)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2005) (voucher ID: PTBG 34699)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L. var. var. ternatea
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1952) (voucher ID: BISH 153831)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 153833)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 562543)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1952) (voucher ID: BISH 697351)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 664484)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 153851)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 661141)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1965) (voucher ID: PTBG 23992)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
"Potential invader"
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 90)
Voucher cited: M. Takamatsu 1079 (BIAH)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 153837)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Koro Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 233-234)
Voucher cited: Smith 1028
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Koro Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 153843)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ngau Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 233-234)
Voucher cited: Smith 7894
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ngau Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 153842)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Tuvutha Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 233-234)
Voucher cited: Bryan 546
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Tuvutha Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 153841)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 233-234)
Voucher cited: Greenwood 145A
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 233-234)
Voucher cited: DA 13260
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1963) (voucher ID: BISH 32857)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 233-234)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 145, DA 9691, Greenwood 145B, DA 12317, DA 5758, DA 11471, DA 12149, Meebold 16504
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 14428)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1955) (voucher ID: BISH 14429)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1960) (voucher ID: BISH 14430)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1932) (voucher ID: BISH 153844)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 663607)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Yasawas Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 233-234)
Voucher cited: St. John 18082
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Yasawas Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1937) (voucher ID: BISH 153840)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 145)
Vouchers cited: Moore 628, BRY 26431
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 145)
Voucher cited: Setchell & Parks 168
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 2458 (PAP), J. Florence 3270 (PAP)
Ornementale commune à Tahiti.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 493550)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (pp. 327-328)
Voucher cited: Stone 4143 (GUAM)
Naturalized
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 153827)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 153828)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1912) (voucher ID: BISH 153829)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1911) (voucher ID: BISH 153830)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 153835)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2010) (p. 64)
Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 070402-02 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L./Bartlett, R. T. (2000) (p. 5)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimber & Bartlett H99910 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 656)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 28)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1967) (voucher ID: BISH 453022)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 96)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 143)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 58778 (US), Thaman & Manner 71 (SUVA), Hassall 246 (SUVA)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Îles Ouvéa (Ouvea Atoll) introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 81-82)
Voucher cited: Däniker 1993
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 81-82)
Vouchers cited: Pancher s.n. s.loc., Balansa 304, Pompéry s.n. s.loc., Franc 820A s.loc., MacKee 17448, MacKee 28857
Spontané dans des fourrés secondaires
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 63)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9579 (BISH). Not seen by Sykes (1970) in 1965.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 84)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 80)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 82114)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1966) (voucher ID: BNM 440)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 80)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 105)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 80)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 153838)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
invasive
cultivated
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 247)
In the gardens of the natives and about the houses of colonists; sometimes half-naturalized.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
invasive
Henty, E. E./Pritchard, G. H. (1975) (p. 116)
Widespread at low altitudes, mainly in dry regions; common in parts of the Central District.
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 303)
In thickets in the settled areas at low and medium altitudes, sometimes cultivated.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
St. John, H. (1987) (p. 36)
Voucher cited: Ross 34
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 66)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 58)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘apai Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1959) (voucher ID: BISH 41301)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Nomuka Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 145)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15810
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Nomuka Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 153855)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 59)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 145)
Cited: Lister.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 52)
Bird Park
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1959) (voucher ID: BISH 697347)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Tanna Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 424749)
Taxon name on voucher: Clitoria ternatea L.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 140)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Naturalized
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Java, Sumatra
Naturalized
Indonesia
Indonesia
West Papua Province (Indonesia) (western New Guinea Island) (formerly Irian Jaya) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Sabah
Naturalized
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 27)
Naturalised
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 18)
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Comoro Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2011)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2011)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Andaman Islands
Andaman Islands introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Nicobar Islands
Nicobar Islands introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2011)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 21)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2011)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Rodrigues Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2011)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Agalega Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Stoddart, D. R. (1983) (p. 123)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Groupe d'Aldabra introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2011)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2011)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized

Comments:  Cultivated for flowers and naturalized. This species would bear watching for possible invasiveness wherever it is introduced.

Additional information:
Additional online information about Clitoria ternatea is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Information about Clitoria ternatea as a weed (worldwide references) may be available from the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Taxonomic information about Clitoria ternatea may be available from the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

References:

Australian National Botanic Gardens. 2013. Australian plant common name database. Online resource.

Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.). 1966. Voucher specimen #BNM440(Blackburn, B. E-51).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 0. Voucher specimen #BISH 82114 (Blackburn, B.S. E 51).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1911. Voucher specimen #BISH 153830 (McGregor, R.C. 472).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1912. Voucher specimen #BISH 153829 (Thompson, J.B. 252).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1918. Voucher specimen #BISH 153827 (Nelson, P. 401).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1918. Voucher specimen #BISH 153828 (Nelson, P. 401).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1924. Voucher specimen #BISH 153841 (Bryan Jr, E.H. 546).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1929. Voucher specimen #BISH 153851 (Wilder, G.P. 815).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1932. Voucher specimen #BISH 153844 (Meebold, A. 16504).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1934. Voucher specimen #BISH 153843 (Smith, A.C. 1028).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1936. Voucher specimen #BISH 153837 (Takamatsu, M. 1079).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1937. Voucher specimen #BISH 153840 (St.John, H. 18082).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 153833 (Fosberg, F.R. 24923).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 153834 (Hosaka, E.Y. 3005).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 562543 (Fosberg, F.R. 24923).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1949. Voucher specimen #BISH 153835 (Anderson, D. 4).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1950. Voucher specimen #BISH 153836 (Fosberg, F.R. 31329).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1950. Voucher specimen #BISH 153838 (Fosberg, F.R. 32283).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1952. Voucher specimen #BISH 153831 (Kondo, Y. 4a).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1952. Voucher specimen #BISH 697351 (Kondo, Y. 36).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1953. Voucher specimen #BISH 153842 (Smith, A.C. 7894).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1953. Voucher specimen #BISH 153855 (Yuncker, T.G. 15810).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1955. Voucher specimen #BISH 14429 (Mune, T.L. 9471).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1958. Voucher specimen #BISH 14428 (Parham, J.W. 11471).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1959. Voucher specimen #BISH 41301 (Soakai, E. 541).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1959. Voucher specimen #BISH 697347 (Soakai, E. 626).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1960. Voucher specimen #BISH 14430 (Pillay, S. 12149).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1963. Voucher specimen #BISH 32857 (Vunibobo, B. 13260).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1965. Voucher specimen #BISH 661141 (Evans, M. 751).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1965. Voucher specimen #BISH 663607 (Sykes, W.R. 168634).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1967. Voucher specimen #BISH 453022 (Adair, F. GLBT/44/FA).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1978. Voucher specimen #BISH 424749 (Krauss, N.L.H. 1579).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1982. Voucher specimen #BISH 493550 (Florence, J. 2458).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1991. Voucher specimen #BISH 664484 (Sykes, W.R. 474693).

Charles Darwin Foundation. 2008. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Charles Darwin Foundation, Galapagos, Ecuador.

Charles Darwin Research Station. 2005. CDRS Herbarium records.

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Falanruw, Marjorie C./Maka, Jean E./Cole, Thomas G./Whitesell, Craig D. 1990. Unpublished database and supplement to: Common and scientific names of trees and shrubs of Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall Islands. Pac. SW Forest and Range Expt. Stn. Resource Bulletin PSW-67. 91 pp.

Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. 2013. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP). (online resource).

Fosberg, F. R. 1957. The Maldive Islands, Indian Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 58. Pacific Science Board, National Academy of Sciences, Washington. 37 pp.

Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. 1975. Vascular flora of the northern Marianas Islands. Smithsonian Contrib. Bot. 22:1-45.

Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce. 1979. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae. Micronesica 15:1-295.

Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Stoddart, D. R. 1983. List of the recorded vascular flora of Agalega. In: Sachet, M. H., D. R. Stoddart, and F. R. Fosberg. Floristics and ecology of Western Indian Ocean islands. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 273. Smithsonian Institution, Washington. 253 pp.

Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. 1988. Flora of the Solomon Islands. Research Bulletin No. 7. Ministry of Agriculture and Lands, Honiara. 203 pp.

Henty, E. E./Pritchard, G. H. 1975. Weeds of New Guinea and their control. 2nd edition. Department of Forests, Division of Botany, Botany Bull. No. 7. Lae, Papua New Guinea. 180 pp.

Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. 2010. Checklist of the vascular plants of Pohnpei with local names and uses. Allertonia, in press. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai, Hawai‘i. 146 pp.

ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre. 2011. International Legume Database & Information Service. Online searchable database.

Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. 2013. Flora of the Marquesas Islands. National Tropical Botanical Garden and the Smithsonian Institution. Online database.

MacKee, H. S. 1994. Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 164 p.

McMullen, C. K. 1999. Flowering plants of the Galápagos. Comstock Pub. Assoc., Ithaca, N.Y. 370 p.

Merrill, Elmer D. 1923. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants, vol. 2 [reprint]. Bureau of Printing, Manila. 530 pp.

Meyer, Jean-Yves. 2000. Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific islands (SPREP Member Countries). In: Sherley, G. (tech. ed.). Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Samoa. 190 pp.

National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.). 2005. Voucher specimen #PTBG34699(F. R. Fosberg 31329).

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 14 MAR 2013.