Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Clerodendrum wallichii
Merr., Lamiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Clerodendrum nutans Wall. ex D. Don

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: chui mo li

English: Wallich's glorybower, white clerodendrum

Fijian: vutu

Habit:  shrub/tree

Description:  "Shrubs or small trees, 2-4 m tall, erect. Branchlets 4-angled, ± winged, glabrous. Petiole ca. 1 cm; leaf blade oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 11-18 x 2.5-4 cm, subleathery, glabrous, base narrowly cuneate, margin entire, apex acuminate to acute; veins 7 or 8 pairs, adaxially slightly distinct. Inflorescences pendent thyrses, 20-33 cm, glabrous, axis and peduncle 4-angled or winged; bracts small, linear to awl-shaped. Calyx red to purple, ca. 1 cm, tube very short; lobes ovate-lanceolate, 7-8 mm. Corolla white, tube ca. 1.1 cm; lobes ovate, 1.1-1.5 cm. Stamens and style exserted. Fruiting calyx red to purple, inflated, thickened. Drupes yellow-green when young, black and shiny at maturity, globose, 1-1.3 cm in diameter"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "cultivated plants growing from near sea level to an elevation of a few hundred meters".  In China (native), "Open forests on mountain slopes; 100-1200 m"  Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  India, Bangladesh, southern China, Myanmar and Vietnam; widely cultivated in the tropics and subtropics (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 214)
Voucher cited: Smith 7485
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 214)
Vouchers cited: Smith 7084, Wilder 1231, DA 11796
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1990) (voucher ID: PTBG 8150)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum wallichii Merr.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 497616)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum wallichii Merr.
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
SW Guangxi, Xizang, SW Yunnan
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 230)
Ornamental.
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 27)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 6 JUN 2011.