Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax
(Lindley) Bakhuizen, Lamiaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 7 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Clerodendrum fallax Lindl.; Clerodendrum speciosissimum Van Geert ex C. Morren

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: gulalen

Chuukese: apwii

English: Java glorybower, pagoda-flower, red clerodendrum, scarlet clerodendrum

Kwara‘ae: kakafae meo, kinilio

Maori (Cook Islands): pītate māma‘o, rākau tupopoku

Niuean: lauma pelu, talufe

Palauan: but a cherechar, butcherechár, butecherechar

Samoan: lau mamoi

Satawalese: abui, aubui vilifu

Tongan: ‘amo‘ula, kava, kava, kava kula, kava kula

Yapese: mooy

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Shrub or subshrub to 4 m high, often spreading by runners, the branchlets medullose or hollow and sulcate when dry, densely short-pubescent; leaves opposite, the petioles to 21 cm long, densely pubescent, the blades broadly ovate to ovate-rotund, 7-20 (-35) x 6-17 (-26) cm, deeply cordate at base, abruptly acute to short-acuminate at apex, entire to irregularly repand-denticulate at margin, usually pubescent above and copiously so beneath; inflorescences terminal, paniculate, loosely many-flowered, to 45 x 25 cm, often conspicuously bracteate, the branches bright red, the flowers showy; calyx campanulate, bright red, 3-5 (-9) mm long, 5-lobed, the lobes 1-3 mm long, acute, corolla hypocrateriform, red to vermilion, the tube slender, to 2.5 cm long, the limb spreading to 3 cm, the lobes obovate, to 15 x 10 mm, stamens and style bright red, exserted about 3 cm beyond corolla throat; fruit bright red or scarlet, turning purplish or black when mature, deeply 4-lobed, to 7 x 10 mm" (Smith, 1991; pp. 211-212).

Habitat/ecology:  Dry to moist disturbed areas at low elevations. Cultivated as an ornamental.  Weedy in plantations and disturbed areas. 

In Fiji, "frequently cultivated near sea level and is also naturalized, sometimes locally commonly, on the edges of cultivated areas, in clearings, and in coconut plantations"  (Smith, 1991; pp. 211-212). In Tonga, "occasional in open, waste areas" (Yuncker, 1959; p. 233). In New Caledonia, "peu cultivé; assez répandu en végétation secondaire à basse altitude" (MacKee, 1994; p. 138).

Propagation:  Seed, suckers; escapes from cultivation. Spread by fruit-eating birds.

Native range:  Malesia and eastward to the Society Islands, widely cultivated and sometimes naturalized. Fosberg et al. (1979; p. 234) list this species as native to Micronesia while Stone (1970; p. 505) lists it as a cultivated introduction to Guam.  Yuncker (1959; p. 233) gives the native range as "Java to Fiji and eastward to the Society Islands". Indonesia (Java); widely cultivated in tropic & warm-temperate regions (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9494
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 60)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9494 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 187016)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Voucher cited: Whistler 3339
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island introduced
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 49)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 37079)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxb.) Walp. var. var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Vouchers cited: Garber 699, Yuncker 9059
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 60)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 9059 (BISH), Garber 699 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 187015)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1922) (voucher ID: BISH 187017)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island probably introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1980) (p. 213)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 3256 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island native
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 58)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island native
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane (2000) (p. Voucher specimen)
Voucher: BMW 5809 (BISH, BRI, GUAM)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 652422)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (2000) (voucher ID: BISH 687764)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxburgh) Walpers
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (2000) (voucher ID: BISH 687765)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxburgh) Walpers
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1966) (voucher ID: PTBG 22221)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 652421)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island native
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 58)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Manihiki Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1969) (voucher ID: BISH 81992)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 79)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 85)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 186953)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 186954)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll native
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 57)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 213 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 26)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 100)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 37722)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxb.) Walp. var. var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Evans, M. (1969) (p. 12)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 46712 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1969) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Fosberg & Evans 46889 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Tomil Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 652789)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1937) (voucher ID: BISH 187135)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindley) Bakhuizen
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 187136)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindley) Bakhuizen
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1948) (voucher ID: BISH 187137)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindley) Bakhuizen
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1981) (voucher ID: BISH 490207)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindley) Bakhuizen
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 211-212)
Voucher cited: Smith 188
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1933) (voucher ID: BISH 187051)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 211-212)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 933
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Oneata Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 211-212)
Voucher cited: Bryan 484
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Oneata Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 187048)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 211-212)
Voucher cited: Smith 7474
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 187050)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 211-212)
Voucher cited: Gillespie 4712
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1928) (voucher ID: BISH 187049)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 211-212)
Voucher cited: DA 16825
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1969) (voucher ID: BISH 33652)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 211-212)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 11, DA 12342, DA 6064
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1961) (voucher ID: BISH 33653)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 22)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 11003 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
cultivated
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 22)
Voucher cited: St. John 14826 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 4424 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence & R. Tahuaitu 11557 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2673 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 4040 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 5732 (PAP), J. Florence & W.R. Sykes 11424 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 553658)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5994 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 505)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1945) (voucher ID: BISH 187090)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 652337)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 652420)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 652424)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindley) Bakhuizen
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1978) (voucher ID: PTBG 22152)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1966) (voucher ID: PTBG 22222)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Parker, James L./Parsons, Bobby (2010) (p. 43)
Voucher cited: J. Parker & R. McGuire BIED17 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral/Imada, Clyde T. (2000) (p. 31)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2006) (p. 41)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 040518-1 (BISH), Flynn 257 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1319)
Garden escape.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2007) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: A. Lau & D. Frohlich s.n. (BISH 725944)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (pp. 130-131)
Adventive.
New Caledonia
Îles Bélep (Belep Islands)
Île Art introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 138)
Voucher cited: MacKee 19447
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Lifou introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 138)
Voucher cited: Sarasin 783 (Z)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Maré introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 138)
Vouchers cited: Sarasin 516 (Z), Franc 926
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 90)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 100)
"Potential invader".
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 138)
Vouchers cited: de Pompéry s.n. s.loc., Sarasin s.n. (Z), MacKee 99839
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 213)
Vouchers cited: CHR 169873, CHR 169874
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 39)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 26)
Voucher: Flynn 6696 (PTBG, US, NIUE)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. (1997) (p. 49)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 102)
Rarely planted. Voucher cited: Yuncker 9799 (BISH)
"Occasional in thickets and waste areas".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2000) (voucher ID: PTBG 30196)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxb.) Walpers
Palau
Kayangel Atoll
Kayangel Islet introduced
invasive
Miles, Joel (2015) (p. 2)
ref cites other taxa as "Cultivated," but not this one, so implication is that this taxon was found in a non-cultivated situation (PT@PhilipT.com/20170602)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 88)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 652791)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 652842)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 84)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 20)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1996) (voucher ID: BISH 646452)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindley) Bakhuizen
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1996) (voucher ID: BISH 689881)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindley) Bakhuizen
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island native
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 20)
Voucher: Lorence 9783 (PTBG, BNM, NY, TAMU, US)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2008) (voucher ID: PTBG 76)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendron buchanani (Roxb.) Walpers var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 80)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island native
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Tim (2010) (p. 31)
Voucher cited: Lorence 8180 (PTBG)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1998) (voucher ID: PTBG 28560)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxb.) Walp. var. fallax (Lindl.) Backh.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 80)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 652843)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1967) (voucher ID: BNM 825)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum Van Geert.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1967) (voucher ID: PTBG 22307)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngercheu Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngercheu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Carp Resort
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngercheu Island native
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 20)
Carp Resort
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 80)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 90)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 652844)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Aulupse‘el (Ulebsechel) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Aulupse‘el (Ulebsechel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngchelobel Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngeanges Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngeanges Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 652790)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngeanges Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1946) (voucher ID: PTBG 22459)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngerchong Island native
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 20)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngerchong Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (2005) (voucher ID: BNM 1020)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngeremdiu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngidech Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngidech Island native
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ulong (Aulong) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Urukthapel (Ngeruktabel) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 234)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Urukthapel (Ngeruktabel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Urukthapel (Ngeruktabel) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 661582)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum speciosissimum van Geert
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Urukthapel (Ngeruktabel) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1950) (voucher ID: PTBG 22778)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchananii
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago   Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (pp. 481-483)
Common; one of the first volunteers on uncultivated plantation land, also at bush margins and in open parts of the secondary forest.
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville Islands
Bougainville Island   Foreman, D. B. (1971) (p. 63)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 69)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 187019)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 66)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1904) (voucher ID: BISH 187014)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1921) (voucher ID: BISH 187018)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 187020)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 418053)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Mikira (San Cristobal) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 187062)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Ndeni (Santa Cruz) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 79295)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendron buchanani (Roxb.) Walpers
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Santa Isabel (Bughotu) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1933) (voucher ID: BISH 187063)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 58)
Tokelau
Tokelau Islands
Tokelau Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 90)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka and Foa Islands introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 72)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 59)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 80)
Voucher cited: Soakai 400
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island native
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 233)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15352
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 186974)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 80)
Vouchers cited: Ilolahai 160, Soakai 263
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 65)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island native
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 233)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 16127
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 186973)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Malakula (Malekula) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 628516)
Taxon name on voucher: Clerodendrum buchanani var. fallax (Lindl.) Bakh.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 27)
Cultivated only


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 14 MAR 2013.