Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cleome viscosa
L., Cleomaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf.; Polanisia viscosa DC.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: monggos-paluma, mongos-paloma, mungus paluma

English: Asian spiderflower, cleome, tickweed, wild mustard, yellow cleome

French: acaya jaune, brède caya, collant, mouzambé jaune

Japanese: hime-futyoso

Pohnpeian: kuh kuhiolung, kuh yolung

Spanish: barba de chivo, frijolillo, jitomate, malva pegajosa, plantanillo, sambo, tabaquillo

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Strict or considerably branched annual 2-16 dm tall, densely glandular-pubescent throughout, unarmed; petioles 1-6 cm long, exstipulate; leaflets 3-5, oblanceolate-elliptic, acute to obtuse at apex, cuneate to attenuate at base, the central leaflets 1-6 cm long, 0.5-3 cm wide, entire, densely glandular-ciliate, petiolules 1-3 mm long; flowers relatively few, solitary in axils of upper leaves; pedicels 5-23 mm long; sepals free, narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate-elliptic, acuminate, 5-10 mm long, 1-4 mm wide, deciduous; petals pale to deep yellow or orange-yellow, obovate to spatulate, rounded at apex, gradually attenuate to base, 6-14 mm long, 3-5 mm wide; disk obsolete; stamens 10-26, included, the filaments 5-8 mm long, 4-10 of the adaxial shorter than others and slightly clavate; anthers 2-3 mm long; ovary cylindric, densely glandular-pubescent, sessile; style about 1 mm long at anthesis, to 6 mm long in fruit; stigmas capitate; mature fruits linear-cylindric, attenuate toward apex, sessile, 2-4 mm broad, 3-10 cm long, erect or strongly ascending, glandular-pubescent, the valves longitudinally striate and dull without, lustrous within; seeds obovoid-reniform, 1.2-1.8 mm long, dark reddish brown, strikingly rugulose transversely with about 30 rugae, these again minutely transversely rugulose"  (Wiggins & Porter, 1971; pp. 547-548).

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "often locally abundant as a naturalized weed near sea level in cultivated fields, along roadsides, and especially in canefields" (Smith, 1981; pp. 700-701).  "Common as a weed of disturbed places in Samoa, uncommon on Niue" (Whistler, 1988; p. 8). Arid lowlands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p 200). In Papua New Guinea, "mostly a roadside plant, but sometimes invading pasture; rarely troublesome in cultivation" (Henty & Pritchard, 1975; p. 60).

Propagation:  Sticky seeds.

Native range:  Old World, probably indigenous in Asia, now pantropical (Smith, 1981; pp. 700-701).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 85)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 25)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 1948 (US)
Occasional on rocky beach.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 58)
Voucher cited: CBM-BS-59203
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 32)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 85)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1977) (p. 29)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 3044 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 85)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 85)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 85)
Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Cook Islands   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 335)
Taxon name on voucher: Cleome viscosa
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Española Group
Española Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Darwin, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Pinta Group
Pinta Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Baltra Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santiago Group
Santiago Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 85)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 76)
Vouchers cited: F.R. Fosberg 58444 (BISH), F.R. Fosberg 58530 (BISH), N.L.H. Krauss 1896b (BISH), D.H. Lorence 9992 (PTBG), P. Raynor 163 (NY, PTBG)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 43757)
Taxon name on voucher: Cleome viscosa
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 700-702)
Voucher cited: DA 11522
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 700-702)
Voucher cited: DA 10516
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 700-702)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 197, DA 10331, DA 11154, DA 10690, DA 10440, O. & I. Degener 32048, DA 9752, Greenwood 197A, DA 5679, DA 10822, DA 1051
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4091 (PAP), J. Florence 7232 (PAP), J. Florence 8515 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 31)
One plant at the edge of a field. Voucher cited: Fosberg 64857 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 3385 (PAP), J. Florence 10340 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2267 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll introduced
Doty, Maxwell S. (1954) (p. 37)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 286)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 85)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1966) (voucher ID: PTBG 22853)
Taxon name on voucher: Cleome viscosa
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1945) (voucher ID: PTBG 30900)
Taxon name on voucher: Cleome viscosa
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 13)
Voucher: Imada 2003-34 (BISH 697649)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
invasive
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 112)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 58653 (US), Scully 125N (US), Thaman & Manner 45 (SUVA), Thaman & Manner 22310 (SUVA), Swarbrick 9542 (BRIU), Swarbrick 9572 (BRIU)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 27)
Voucher cited: MacKee 18384
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 57)
Vouchers cited: CHR 168859, CHR 168860
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 8)
Uncommon
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 12, 100)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
New Britain Island possibly introduced
invasive
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 196)
Widespread weed.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) invasive
Henty, E. E./Pritchard, G. H. (1975) (p. 60)
At low altitudes.
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 76)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 278)
Taxon name on voucher: Cleome viscosa
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Western Samoa Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 8)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Guadalcanal Island introduced
invasive
Orapa, Warea (2005)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 90)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 58)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 120)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 76)
China
China
China (People's Republic of)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 120)
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 109)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 76)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 183)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 76)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 76)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 27)
Naturalised
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 76)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 76)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 16)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
Rivers, Julie (2004) (p. 3)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 19)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 91)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Agalega Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Stoddart, D. R. (1983) (p. 116)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Coetivy Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 147)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Cousin Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 25)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 52185 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Frégate Island   Robertson, S. A./Todd, D. M. (1983) (p. 47)
Voucher cited: Todd 20
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
AL, GA, LA, MD, NJ, PA, VA
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 14 MAR 2013.