Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Citrus limetta
Risso, Rutaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: limetta of the Mediterranean, lumia of the Mediterranean, sweet lemon, sweet lime

French: limette d'Italie, limette douce de Tunesie, limettier doux, limonette

Spanish: lima, lima dulce, limero dulce, limeta dulce de Túnez, limón dulce, limonero dulce

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Small tree to 8 m high; branches irregular, conspicuously glandular-punctate, thorns stiff and numerous, becoming 1.5-7.5 cm long; bark brownish gray, relatively smooth; petioles narrowly but distinctly winged, spatulate, 8-29 mm long, wing 2-8 mm wide; leaflets obovate or ovate to elliptic, crenulate, 5.5-17 cm long, 2.8-8 cm wide, apex more or less obtusely acuminate, base rounded; flowers white in bud; calyx with 5 triangular, acuminate lobes about 4 mm long; petals white, oblong-lanceolate, 16-17 mm long, 6-7 mm wide; stamens 20-25; filaments about 10 mm long, connate in variable groups; anthers sub-basifixed; disk prominent, annular; ovary globose, apex depressed, glandular-punctate, 3 mm in diameter; style stout, 7-8 mm long, sharply distinct from ovary, soon deciduous; stigma globose, depressed apically; hesperidium globose, about 5 cm in diameter, skin light yellow at maturity, rind white, about 5 mm thick, pulp abundant, greenish, juice abundant, insipid, not acid"  (Wiggins & Porter, 1971; pp. 742-744).

Habitat/ecology:  Moist uplands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p. 57).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Originally probably from India and Asia" (McMullen, 1999; p. 57).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  An escape from cultivation in the Galápagos Islands (Wiggins & Porter, 1971; pp. 742-744).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 21 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 17 MAR 2008.