Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Chasmanthium latifolium
(Michx.) H. O. Yates, Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 8.5 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Uniola latifolia Michx.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: broadleaf chasmanthium, broadleaf uniola, Indian woodoats

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; knotty. Culms 100-150 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 9-20 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins.  Inflorescence a panicle.  Panicle open; ovate; 10-15(-35) cm long. Primary panicle branches drooping.  Spikelets pendulous; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.  Spikelets comprising 1-2 basal sterile florets; 5-15(-24) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or ovate; laterally compressed; 20-40 mm long; 6-16 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pilose.  Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-7 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 5-7 mm long; 0.5-0.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.  Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; persisting on inflorescence. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to fertile lemma; elliptic; 6-8 mm long; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 7-11 -veined; acute. Fertile florets decreasing in size upwards. Fertile lemma ovate; 9-12 mm long; herbaceous; keeled; 11-15 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliolate. Lemma apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; acute. Palea bowed outwards; 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; conspicuously winged; ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.  Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 1; 4 mm long; yellow.  Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid; laterally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long"  (GrassBase).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Eastern and central United States, northern Mexico; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nuevo Leon
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 26 NOV 2008 and was last updated on 10 MAR 2013.