Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cestrum aurantiacum
Lindl., Solanaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 15 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: huang hua ye xiang shu

English: orange cestrum, yellow cestrum

Hawaiian: mākāhala

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Large shrubs 3-4 m tall, sprawling, clambering, and suckering, sparsely pubescent with minute crisped hairs, soon glabrate.  Leaves simple, 5-10 cm long, 3.5-5 cm wide, margins entire, apex acute to acuminate, base rounded to cuneate, petioles 1-3 cm long.  Flowers vespertine, sessile, 10-15 in axillary or terminal, subspicate inflorescences, often congested toward apex, most flowers subtended by a gract; calyx tubular, 5-8 mm long, the lobes linear, 1-3 mm long; corolla orangish yellow, the tube slightly inflated above, 1.7-2 cm long, the lobes broadly triangular, 5 mm long, inrolled during the day; stamens 5, inserted about middle of corolla tube; filaments with a bluntly conical, pubescent process at the point of insertion; anthers ca. 1.5 mm long; ovary glabrous, surrounded by a fleshy disk at base; style 1, erect, 15-16 mm long; stigma capitate, slightly exceeding anthers.  Berries white, succulent, 8-12 mm long, enclosed by calyx at base.  Seeds not seen"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1254).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed, probably spread by birds.

Native range:  Central America (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1254).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1254)
Persisting and perhaps naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1254)
Persisting and perhaps naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1254)
Persisting and perhaps naturalized.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Guangdong.
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
San Luis Potosi, Chiapas [s.]
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 25)
Cultivated only


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 16 NOV 2010.