Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Centratherum punctatum
Cass., Asteraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Centratherum intermedium (Link) Less.; Centratherum muticum (Kunth) Less.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Brazilian button flower, centratherum, lark daisy

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Herb, erect, to 50 cm high (20 in) with pubescent stemsLeaves simple, alternate, blade ovate to spoon-shaped, 2.5-8 cm long (1 - 3 1/2 in)  with a winged petiole and toothed margins.  Flowers continuously through the year after maturity; flowers in stalked terminal heads surrounded by two types of bracts, the outer larger and leaf-like, the inner small.  Ray florets none.  Disk florets many, light purple, mostly 9-14 mm long (3/8 - 1/2 in), the central ones distinctly shorter than the marginal ones.  Fruit a pale linear achene covered with upward pointing bristles.  Propagate by achenes."  Whistler, 2000; pp. 118-119).

Habitat/ecology:  "Thrives under sunny, dry conditions" (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 168).

Propagation:  Seed (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 168).

Native range:  "Old World tropics from the Philippines to Australia"  (Whistler, 2000; pp. 118-119). "Tropical America" (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 168).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (p. 6)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer, F. Starr & K. Martz H80102 (BISH, PTBG)
Sparingly naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy W./Wagner, Warren L. (1995) (p. 23)
Vouchers cited: T. Flynn & D. Lorence 3587 (BISH, F, PTBG, US), T. Flynn et al. 3585 (BISH, PTBG, US)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2010) (p. 62)
Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 070402-07 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2004) (p. 20)
East Maui. Vouchers cited: Starr & Starr 020912-1 (BISH), Starr & Martz 011105-2 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2006) (p. 32)
Subspecies punctatum. Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 050517-8 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lau, Alex/Frohlich, Danielle (2012) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: OED 2009031901 (BISH)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 33)
Vouchers cited: Cherrier in MacKee 44534, M. Brinon 10, MacKee 44852, MacKee 45637, MacKee 45722
Spontané
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 100)
Cultivated at state office, Aimeliik State.
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 25)
Cultivated only
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 1 SEP 2012.