Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Centranthus ruber
(L.) DC., Valerianaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 10 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Valeriana rubra L.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: fox's brush, Jupiter's beard, kiss-me-quick, red valerian, spur valerian

French: lilas d'Espagne, valériane rouge

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Glabrous perennial herb; stems 30-80 cm tall, ascending, robust, usually glaucous, branching from base. Leaves opposite, cauline, variable on one plant; lower leaves of main stem lanceolate, 3-10-(17) x 1-3-(5) cm, entire, petiolate; upper leaves of main stem deltate-acuminate to ovate, smaller than lower leaves, often irregularly toothed, amplexicaul; leaves of side shoots smaller, ovate-lanceolate, usually amplexicaul. Cyme up to 25 x 10 cm, of many, pedicellate flowers. Flowers usually deep pink to magenta, sometimes white. Corolla tube 5-10 mm long, somewhat > spur. Fruit narrow-ovoid, flattened, 3-4 mm long"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 1269).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, "roadsides, embankments, cliffs, wasteland, coastal habitats"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 1269).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Canary and Madeira Islands, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, southern Europe; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994)
Voucher cited: A. N. Rodd 1485 (NSW)
"Presumably a garden escape".
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 552)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1315)
Naturalized and common in Pōhaku o Ka Lā Gulch, East Maui.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Cultivated as an ornamental, sometimes naturalized".
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory introduced
invasive
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Cultivated as an ornamental, sometimes naturalized".
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Cultivated as an ornamental, sometimes naturalized".
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1269)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
New Mexico, Utah


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 8 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 19 OCT 2011.