Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Centaurium cachanlahuen
(Molina) B.L. Rob., Gentianaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Gentiana cachanlahuen Molina

Common name(s): [more details]

English: cachanlagua, cachanlahuen, cachen cachanlaui, kachan-l-lawe

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Annual herb 5-40 cm in height, erect, glabrous. Stems quadrangular, sub-alate, dichotomously branching. Leaves opposite, sessile, entire. Inferior leaves oblong-lancoelate or oval, acute, 1-3 cm long by 0.5-2 cm wide; superior leaves smaller, linear or narrowly lanceolate. Inflorescence drooping panicles or terminal cymes, usually dichotomous. Flowers intense pink, peduncles 1-4 mm length; tubular calyx 5-10 mm long with 4-5 laciniae longer than the calyx tube, sublinear, acute; hypocrateriform corolla, tube 8-12 mm long, limb 3-6 mm long, 4-5 lobed, lobes elliptical-oblongate, obstuse. Stamens 4-5, opposite to petals, adnate to the corolla; filaments simple; anthers oblong, linear, spiral after flowering. Ovary oblong; style filiform; stigma bi-lamellate. Fruit in membranous capsule, veined, linear-oblong up to 1.2 cm long. Seeds numerous, oval, rough, sub-alate, 0.2-0.3 mm long"  (ICS-UNIDO Medical and Aromatic Plants online).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Argentina, Chile (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 460, 463, 552)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 460, 463, 552)
Voucher cited: Danton D(917)780
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 15 DEC 2010 and was last updated on 31 DEC 2011.