Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cardamine bonariensis
Pers., Brassicaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Spanish: berro

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Rhizomes much branched; stems decumbent-ascending, often 20 cm long, rooting at the nodes; basal leaves 2.5-6.5 cm long, the scarcely smaller cauline ones long-petiolate, the uppermost often simple; leaflets all subequal, orbicular or short-ovate, entire or merely crenate, 6-14 mm long, 6-19 mm wide; flowering pedicels 2-3 mm, in fruit 5-10 long; flowers usually small, the sepals 1.5-2 mm long; ovules 20-28; pods mostly 15-18 mm long, 1 mm wide, the style obsolete or 1 mm long; seeds emarginate"  (Macbride, 1938; pp. 962-963).

Habitat/ecology:  "Sometimes terrestrial, sometimes half immersed in brooks or along their banks, and from the ocean to the snows" (Macbride, 1938; pp. 962-963).

Propagation:  Seed and rooting from nodes (Macbride, 1938; pp. 962-963).

Native range:  Chile and Argentina to Mexico (Macbride, 1938; pp. 962-963).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Collected in survey, herbarium record pending.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 20 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 5 NOV 2011.