Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Carallia brachiata
(Lour.) Merr., Rhizophoraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Diatoma brachiata Lour.; Petalotoma brachiata (Lour.) DC.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: zhu jie shu

English: billabong-tree, carallawood, corkybark, freshwater mangrove

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees to 10 m tall. Branches brown, corky. Stipules 1-2.5 cm. Petiole ca. 1 cm; leaf blade elliptic, obovate, oblanceolate, or rarely suborbicular, 5-15 x 2-10 cm, papery to thinly leathery, base cuneate, margin entire, serrate, or denticulate, apex acute to shortly acuminate. Inflorescences 1-6 cm, often resinous, usually shining from secreted resin. Flowers shortly pedicellate or sessile; bracteoles 2 or 3, partially connate into a cup. Calyx lobes 6 or 7, deltoid, 3-4 mm. Petals white, suborbiculate, ca. 1.5 mm in diameter, apically emarginate and unevenly lacerate. Stamens ca. 2 mm. Ovary bulbous, ca. 2 mm; style ca. 2 mm; stigma discoid, apically 4-8-lobed. Fruit pink to red globose, ca. 5 mm in diam., glossy. Seeds reniform"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In its native range in China, "evergreen forests, thickets, swamps; near sea level to 900 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Madagascar, through southern and southeast Asia, northern Australia to the Philippines and Solomon Islands (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 443578)
Taxon name on voucher: Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr.
New Guinea (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea)
New Guinea Island
New Guinea Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 146)
Chiefly in secondary forests at low and medium altitudes, often common.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 13 DEC 2008 and was last updated on 21 OCT 2012.