Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Camelina sativa
(L.) Crantz, Brassicaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 9.5 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Camelina glabrata (DC.) Fritsch ex N. W. Zinger; Camelina parodii Ibarra & La Porte; Camelina pilosa (DC.) Vassilcz.; Myagrum sativum L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ya ma ji

English: big-seed false flax, false flax, German sesame, gold-of-pleasure

French: caméline, caméline ciliée, lin bâtard, sesame d'Allemagne

Japanese: nagami-no-ama-nazuna

Spanish: camelina pilosa

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Herbs annual, (12-) 30-80 (-100) cm tall, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with small branched trichomes rarely mixed with fewer simple ones. Stems simple or branched above, often glabrescent. Cauline leaves lanceolate, narrowly oblong, or linear-lanceolate, middle ones (1-) 2-7 (-9) cm x 2-10 (-15) mm, glabrescent or sparsely pubescent with primarily forked trichomes, base sagittate or strongly auriculate, margin entire or rarely remotely denticulate, apex acute. Fruiting pedicels (0.8-)1.2-2(-2.7) cm. Sepals 2-3 x 0.5-1 mm. Petals yellow, (3-)4-5.5 x 0.5-1 mm. Filaments 1.5-3 mm; anthers ca. 0.5 mm. Fruit obpyriform or broadly obovoid, 7-9 (-10) x 4-5 mm, often subtruncate at apex; valves with a distinct midvein and less prominent lateral veins; style 1-2.5 mm. Seeds dark brown, oblong (1.5-) 1.7-2.5 (-3) x 0.7-1 mm"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native):  "Farms, grassy areas, fields; 1000-1900 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Europe and temperate Asia, exact native range in Asia obscure; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
Naturalized
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Farms, grassy areas, fields; 1000-1900 m. Nei Mongol, Xinjiang.
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Hokkaido, Honshu
Naturalized
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 183)
North Korea
North Korea
North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 8 MAR 2013.