Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Calycophyllum candidissimum
(Vahl) DC., Rubiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate; score: 1 (Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment for Calycophyllum candidissimum)

Other Latin names:  Macrocnemum candidissimum Vahl; Mussaenda candida Poir. [illeg.]; Mussaenda candidissima (Vahl.) Schult.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: lancewood, lemonwood

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tree 40-60' tall. Lf peti to 1.25" long; blades elliptic to ovate, 2-5" x 1-3", underside sparsely pubescent; stipules ovate, ca 0.25" long, deciduous. Flws in 3s, middle flw sometimes with 1 white, ovate to circular, leaflike cal lobe to 2" long; cor ca 0.25" long, white, tube ≤length of 4 reflexed lobes; stam 4, projecting; stigma eventually recurved. Capsule oblong-cylindrical, ca 0.25" long; widest above middle. Seeds slender, winged at ends. . . . The flowers are sweet-scented and . . . yellowish wood. . . . The white calyx lobes are often long-persistent and remain on the fruit." (A Tropical Garden Flora, p. 486)

Habitat/ecology:  "[Calycophyllum candidissimum] . . . is one of the commonest trees of the Pacific plains of Central America.427" (A Tropical Garden Flora, p. 486)

Habitat: "Dry semi-deciduous forest [307]. Common on shaded hillsides and along waterways, often in pure stands [316]." In cultivation: "Prefers a rich, deep, well-drained soil and a position in full sun [307]. Established plants are very drought tolerant [307]. The flowers are a good source of nectar for bees [307]." (Useful Tropical Plants)

Propagation:  Propagation is by seed. (Useful Tropical Plants)

Native range:  "[Calycophyllum candidissimum] is native from southern Mexico to Columbia and Venezuela and is one of the commonest trees of the Pacific plains of Central America.427" (A Tropical Garden Flora, p. 486)

Impacts and invaded habitats:  If you know of other invaded habitats or impacts, please let us know.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Panama (Republic of)   Useful Tropical Plants (year unknown)
"Panama to southern Mexico" accessed 20180903
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
"SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas]" accessed 20180903
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States)   Useful Tropical Plants (year unknown)
"Panama to southern Mexico" accessed 20180903
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of)   Useful Tropical Plants (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Ecuador native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Caribbean Islands
Caribbean Islands
Cuba native
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Caribbean Islands
Caribbean Islands
Cuba   Useful Tropical Plants (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Caribbean Islands
Caribbean Islands
Puerto Rico   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Caribbean Islands
Caribbean Islands
Trinidad   Useful Tropical Plants (year unknown)
accessed 20180903
Venezuela
Venezuela
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)   Useful Tropical Plants (year unknown)
accessed 20180903

Comments:  "planted as a street tree in some parts of Honolulu" (A Tropical Garden Flora, p. 486)

Control:  (control info not known by PIER)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 12 SEP 2017 and was last updated on 3 SEP 2018.