Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Callitris endlicheri
(Parlatore) J. Garden, Cupressaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 10 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Frenela endlicheri Parl.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: black callitris, black cypress-pine, black-cypress, black-pine, mountain-pine, Murray-pine, northern cypress-pine, red cypress, red cypress-pine, red-pine, scrub-pine

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tree to 10 m tall. Branches spreading. Leaves c. 2 mm long on ultimate branchlets, dark green or grey-green; dorsal surface prominently but not acutely keeled. Male cones clustered, ovoid to obovoid, to 3 mm long. Female cones solitary or clustered on slender, usually clustered fruiting branchlets, ovoid to depressed-globular, 15-20 mm in diameter, shedding seeds and deciduous shortly after maturity; cone scales 6, with a small dorsal point near apex, separating almost to the base, remaining incurved after opening; alternate scales reduced; larger scales apically tapered or contracted; columella variable, usually deeply 3-lobed or 3-partite, 1-3 mm high. Seeds numerous, dark brown; wings 2 or 3, to 3 mm wide"  (Flora of Australia online).

Habitat/ecology:  In Australia (native), "usually grows in shallow soils on rocky sites, often over siliceous substrates"  (Flora of Australia online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria) (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
cultivated
Lau, Alex/Frohlich, Danielle (2012) (p. 14)
Forestry plantings.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
cultivated
Lau, Alex/Frohlich, Danielle (2012) (p. 14)
Forestry plantings.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
cultivated
Lau, Alex/Frohlich, Danielle (2012) (p. 14)
Forestry plantings.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Lau, Alex/Frohlich, Danielle (2012) (p. 14)
Voucher cited: J. Rohrer U.S. Army 107 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Victoria
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 2 MAR 2012 and was last updated on 6 JUL 2012.