Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Callisia fragrans
(Lindl.) Woodson, Commelinaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: basketplant, fragrant inch plant, spironema

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Perennial herbs; stems fleshy, up to 10 dm long, branched, with long stolons at base.  Leaves clustered toward the ends of the stem, scattered below, elliptic-lanceolate, 18-25 cm long, 3.5-4 cm wide, base prominently veined, clasping, ciliate, often striped with purple.  Flowers in compact pairs of cymes arranged in panicles up to 6 dm long, each cyme pair subtended by 3-toothed bracts 10-15 mm long; sepals white-transparent, scarious, lanceolate, 5-6 mm long; petals glossy, white-transparent, thin, wilting by noon, narrowly ovate, erose, ca 6 mm long; stamens 6"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1378).

Habitat/ecology:  Prefers fertile, moist soils in a protected, partially shaded area (Bodkin, 1986, cited in Csurhes and Edwards, 1998; p. 97).  In Hawai‘i, "cultivated and now sparingly naturalized in urban areas, 5-25 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1378).

Propagation:  Seed and cuttings.

Native range:  Mexico, often cultivated as a hanging-basket plant.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 22)
"A large colony has established itself on the Island as a garden escape beside Anderson Road". Voucher cited: J.G. Conran 642 (K, NSW)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 74)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 79)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 7)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1378)
Sparingly naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2003) (p. 26)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Starr & Martz 010213-1 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1378)
Sparingly naturalized.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 35)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngercheu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 8)
Carp Resort
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 97)
Southeast Queensland.
Naturalized
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 22)
Cultivated only
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Louisiana
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 12 OCT 2006.