Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Caesalpinia bonduc
(L.) Roxb., Fabaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Fleming; Guilandina bonduc L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: pacap, pakao

Chinese: ci guo su mu

Chuukese: nickaeoo

English: beach nicker, bonduc, divi-divi, gray nicker, gray nickers, grey nicker-bean, nicker bean, nickernut, wait-a-bit, wait-a-while, yellow nicker

Fijian: nggalau sori, soni, soni ni Viti, wa nggiri

French: canique grise, z'yeux à chatte

Hawaiian: hihikolo, kākalaioa

Japanese: sirotuku

Kwara‘ae: kwalo dolo

Marshallese: jeimota, kāliklik, kãlõklõk

Nauruan: dogienae, dugienae

Niuean: alamoa, talamoa

Palauan: tochedulik, tocheulik

Pohnpeian: kehsaphl

Samoan: ‘anaoso, ‘anaoso, ‘anaoso vao, ‘anaoso vao, ‘ānoso, ‘ānoso, seu pe‘a, seu pe‘a

Spanish: chililica, hava de San Antonio, mato de playa, mora

Tahitian: papali, papati, tataramoa

Tongan: talatala‘amoa

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Climbers, prickly, yellowish pubescent throughout. Prickles straight or somewhat recurved. Leaves 30-45 cm; rachis with recurved prickles; pinnae 6-9 pairs, opposite; stipules deciduous, large, leaflike, usually lobed, lobes to 2 cm; leaflets 6-12 pairs, oblong, 1.5-4 x 1.2-2 cm, membranous, both surfaces pubescent, base oblique, apex rounded to acute, mucronate. Racemes axillary, long pedunculate, densely flowered in upper part and sparsely so in lower part; bracts caducous at anthesis, reflexed, subulate, 6-8 mm, pubescent. Pedicels 3-5 mm. Sepals 5, ca. 8 mm, both sides ferruginous hairy. Petals yellowish; standard tinged with red spots, oblanceolate, clawed. Filaments short, hairy in basal part. Ovary hairy. Legume oblong, 5-7 x 4-5 cm, leathery, apex rounded and with beak, swollen, with dense, slender spines 5-10 mm. Seeds 2 or 3, grayish, shiny, ovoid to globose"  (Flora of China online).

"Woody climber with spiny stems and rachises; prickles of rachises recurved, hook-like; leaves 30-80 cm long, with 4.6 pairs of pinnae (rarely 9 or 10); pinnae pubescent, young growth brown-pubescent; stipules foliaceous, flowers dull yellow, about 1 cm long, in simple or panicled racemes; pods oblong, inflated, prickly, 5-7 cm long, usually 1-2-seeded; seeds nearly spherical, glossy gray, about 1-1.4 cm in diameter" (Stone, 1970; p. 308).

Habitat/ecology:  "Gray nicker bean is intolerant of shade and is usually open-grown or at least grows in broken sunlight. It tolerates salt spray, salty soils, and occasional flooding with seawater. The species grows in all textures of mildly acid to alkaline soil. Annual rainfall in the areas where gray nicker bean grows in Puerto Rico ranges from 750 mm to 1800 mm. The species grows from sea level to 850 m in elevation in India (Parrotta 2001). It grows most frequently on the beach strand, on coastal dunes, and at the better-drained edge of mangroves. Gray nicker bean also grows inland in disturbed areas. It competes well with grass and herbs and may ascend into the crowns of low trees"  (Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories).  Coastal zone and moist uplands. (McMullen, 1999; p. 125).

Propagation:  Seed, transported by water and ocean currents.  "The stems layer (root) whenever they come in contact with the ground. Stems sprout when cut and lateral roots sometimes sucker. Clonal plants tend to remain attached to one another"  (Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories).

Native range:  Eastern Africa, Comoros, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Papua New Guinea, U.S. (Florida), Mexico, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru (GRIN). Whether or not the species is native in the Galapagos Islands is undetermined, per the Charles Darwin Research Station.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Aunu‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 160)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 160)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 19)
Vouchers cited: A.N. Rodd 1491 (K, NSW), A.C. Beauglehole 5778 (CANB, MEL), A.N. Rodd 1835 (NSW), J. Pickard 3333 (NSW)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 8)
"Probably now extinct on Norfolk Island". Voucher cited: J. Backhouse 658 (K)
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) probably native
Skottsberg, Carl (1953) (p. 72)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island native
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 34)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Kapingamarangi Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (pp. 88-89)
Vouchers cited: A. Dores 110 (BISH, NY, PTBG), B. Ekiek 93 (NY, PTBG), T.W. Flynn 6231 (AD, NY, PTBG, US), F.R. Fosberg 26386 (BISH), P. Raynor 120 (NY, PTBG)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 24637)
Taxon name on voucher: Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 42820)
Taxon name on voucher: Caesalpinia bonduc
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 48670)
Taxon name on voucher: Caesalpinia bonduc
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Sorol Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
French Polynesia
Clipperton Island
Clipperton (Arue, Avera) Island   Sachet, M.-H. (1962) (p. 93)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hatuta'a (Hatutu) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hatuta'a (Hatutu) Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J.-C. Thibault 1098 (PAP)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 6702 (PAP), J. Florence 8435 (PAP)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 4440 (PAP)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island native
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 140)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 308)
Vouchers cited: Stone 4400 (GUAM), Stone 4503 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 647)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 647)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Laysan Island native
Staples, George W./Imada, Clyde T./Herbst, Derral R. (2003) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: A. Martin 1 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 647)
East Maui
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 647)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Ni‘ihau Island native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 647)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 647)
Voucher cited: Didrichsen 3541 (BISH).
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands   Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Japan (offshore islands)
Minami Tori Shima (Marcus) Island
Minami Tori Shima (Marcus) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tabiteuea Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Bikini (Pikinni) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1962) (p. 19)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 41393 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Lae Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ujae Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ujae Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 34416 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Ailuk (Aelok) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. Raymond (1990) (p. 27)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll   Anderson, Donald (1951) (p. i)
Voucher cited: Anderson 3767
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll native
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (pp. 78-79)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Maloelap Atoll   Vander Velde, Nancy (year unknown)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mejit (Mãjej) Island native
Fosberg, F. Raymond (1990) (p. 27)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mili (Mile) Atoll native
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2010) (p. A12)
Uncommon; small area south of old school on Mili, seedling on Nallo, few driftseeds found.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Wotje (Wõjjã) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. Raymond (1990) (p. 27)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Wotje (Wõjjã) Atoll native
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2009) (p. 2)
Voucher cited: Vander Velde 0515200905
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island native
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 137)
Vouchers cited: Thaman & Manner 114 (SUVA), Hassall 158 (SUVA), Hassall 212 (SUVA), Hassall 269 (SUVA)
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngeanges Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 96)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago   Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 223)
On foreshore and behind.
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville Islands
Bougainville Island native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 266)
As Caesalpinia christa. In thickets along and near the seashore.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Henderson Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H./Stoddart, D. R. (1983) (p. 31)
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Henderson Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence , A.J. Chepstow-Lusty & S. Waldren 10835 (PAP)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 53)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘apai Islands native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 26)
Voucher cited: Hotta 4194
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Nomuka Island native
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 137)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15868
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands native
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 137)
"Occasional throughout Tonga".
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 26)
Vouchers cited: Setchell & Parks 15566?, Soakai 308
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island native
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 137)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15195
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 26)
Vouchers cited: Buelow 1110 (n.s.?), Whistler 6301
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island native
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 137)
Voucher cited: Hülimann 351
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island native
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 137)
Cited: Crosby.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Burkill, I. H. (1900) (p. 35)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island native
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-5)
Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 080610-13
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island native
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2010) (p. 64)
Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 080610-13 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Thickets, roadsides, near seashores; near sea level to 200 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan".
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 134)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guayas, Manabi
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
West Papua Province (Indonesia) (western New Guinea Island) (formerly Irian Jaya) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Quintana Roo
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Madre de Dios
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) native
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 21)
Critically endangered
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Thickets, roadsides, near seashores; near sea level to 200 m".
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 17)
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (pp. 37, 38)
On both main atoll and North Keeling Island.
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Chagos Archipelago native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   Topp, J. M. W. (1988) (p. 6)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island possibly native
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 27)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1995) (voucher ID: PTBG 37928)
Taxon name on voucher: Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Comoro Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Addu Atoll   Spicer, R. A./Newberry, D. MacC. (1979) (p. 11)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 20)
"Common in whole archipelago".
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Malè Atoll   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 20)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Rodrigues Island native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
French Territory of Mayotte
Mayotte Islands
Mayotte Island uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Agalega Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Stoddart, D. R. (1983) (p. 123)
Voucher cited: Stoddart 7261 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Coetivy Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 149)
Voucher cited: Robertson 3133 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Cousin Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 26)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 52187 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Frégate Island   Robertson, S. A./Todd, D. M. (1983) (p. 51)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2738
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Groupe d'Aldabra native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  An introduced invasive in the Galápagos Islands. Occurs only inland, not on the seacoast as would be expected (Alan Tye, pers. com.).

Native to the rest of the Pacific, but should not be introduced where not already present. Where present, makes travel difficult due to its spines.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 19 OCT 2004 and was last updated on 13 DEC 2010.