Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Buddleja globosa
Hope, Scrophulariaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: orange-ball-tree

Spanish: matico, pañil

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Large shrub to 6-7 m high, mostly evergreen, deciduous in colder areas. Shoots ± quadrangular, creamy or yellowish tomentose. Leaves sessile or nearly so, 9-23 x 2-6 cm, lanceolate or narrow-ovate, rugose and glabrous above, cream or yellowish tomentose below, crenulate; base cuneate or subamplexicaul; apex acute to acuminate. Panicles of up to 10, globose, pedunculate heads; upper bracts linear or lanceolate. Peduncles tomentose, 2-30 mm long; heads 13-20 mm in diameter, composed of densely packed, sessile, fragrant orange flowers. Calyx c. 2 mm long, tomentose; lobes shallow, ± triangular. Corolla tube c. 4 mm long, hairy outside; lobes 1-1.7 mm long, suborbicular to somewhat reniform, glabrous except near base outside, slightly imbricate. Stamens included, inserted c. 1/2 way along tube; anthers sessile. Style 2-3 mm long. Ovary tomentose. Capsule c. 5 mm long, obovoid or subglobose, hairy"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 449).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, commonly cultivated and naturalized in remnant forest in the vicinity of habitations  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 449).  "In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:  Medium altitude up to the timber line; low altitude, interior valleys; coastal mountains, 500-2000 m; coastal areas, 0-500 m.  Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month). The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores. Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20-40% of light. In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light(  (Chileflora).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Argentina and Chile (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 476, 522-523, 551)
Voucher cited: Danton I(5/216)1561. "En RC, está presente en varios jardines del pueblo de San Jaun Bautista".
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 449)


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This page was created on 15 DEC 2010 and was last updated on 8 JAN 2011.