Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Blumea sinuata
(Lour.) Merr., Asteraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC.; Conyza laciniata Roxb.; Gnaphalium sinuatum Lour.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: liu er ling

English: cutleaf false oxtongue

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Malodorous herbs 2-18 dm tall from a taproot; stems erect to ascending, usually branched from the base, glabrate to pilose.  Leaves oblanceolate, obovate to elliptic in outline, sometimes lyrate, 4.5-36.5 cm long, 0.8-21 cm wide, the lower ones pinnately lobed, sometimes with a large terminal lobe, becoming progressively less lobed above, margins irregularly dentate, the lower ones petiolate, petioles 1-6 cm long, sessile above.  Heads in large, terminal, open panicles; involucral bracts often purple-tinged, reflexed at maturity, 1-8 mm long, pilose; receptacle sparsely pilose; corollas yellow, those of perfect florets 5-lobed, 4-5 mm long, those of marginal pistillate florets 2-3-lobed, 3.5-4.5 mm long.  Achenes brown, ribbed, ca. 4 mm long" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 283).

Description from the Flora of China online.

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "sparingly naturalized usually in low elevation, disturbed sites" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 283).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "India to New Guinea and the Solomon Islands" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 283).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 284)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 284)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 284)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mopelia (Mapetia, Maupiha‘a, Maupihoa, Mopiha‘a) Atoll introduced
invasive
Sachet, M.-H. (1983) (p. 35)
Voucher cited: Sachet 945a (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 588)
As Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 284)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 283)
As Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 283)
As Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC. Voucher cited: Degener 5286 (BISH)
New Guinea (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea)
New Guinea Island
New Guinea Island native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 283)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 284)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
Henty, E. E./Pritchard, G. H. (1975) (p. 65)
Naturally occuring in grassland; widespread, at altitudes from 100 to 2000 m.
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (pp. 602-603)
At low and medium altitudes in open waste places.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 283)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Waste fields, thickets; 200-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 276)
As Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC. On margins of cultivated fields or grassy banks.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Ching-I Peng, ed. (2013)
As Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC. "Wastelands near sea level to 1,500 m throughout the island".
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 5 JAN 2011 and was last updated on 3 MAR 2013.