Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Bellis perennis
L., Asteraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: chu ju

English: common daisy, daisy, English daisy, lawn daisy, perennial daisy

French: pâquerette

Spanish: vellorita

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Fibrous-rooted perennial herbs, ± pubescent with spreading hairs.  Leaves elliptic to obovate, 3-8 cm long, 0.5-2 cm wide, margins entire, denticulate, or serrulate, petioles 1-4 cm long.  Heads solitary on scapes 5-15 (-20) cm long; involucral bracts usually ca. 13, 4-6 mm long; ray florets numerous, rays white, ca. 1 cm long; disk corollas yellow" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 267).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "sparingly naturalized in high elevation, mesic areas" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 267). In New Zealand, "mostly in lawns and pastures especially in wetter areas, also waste places, forest margins and clearings, stream banks, seepages, cultivated land, dunes and tussock grassland" (Webb et al., 1988; p. 182).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Europe (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 267).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 475, 522, 551)
"En RC, se encuentran en algunos jardines del pueblo de San Juan Bautista". Voucher cited: Danton I(5/103)1459
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 267)
Perhaps naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 267)
St. John et al. 13781 (BISH)
Sparingly naturalized, high elevations.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Tasmania, Victoria
Naturalized
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Ravines. Sichuan.
Naturalized
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 189)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 182)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized

Comments:  Reported as possibly an invasive plant in the Hawaiian Islands per Staples et al., 2000.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 10 MAY 2005 and was last updated on 18 DEC 2006.