Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Banksia integrifolia
L.f., Proteaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Banksia compar R. Br.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: coast banksia, honeysuckle-oak, white banksia, white bottlebrush, white-honeysuckle

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tree to 25 m tall, fire tolerant. Bark roughly tessellated. Stems pubescent and pilose, glabrescent, pale brown. Leaves in whorls of 3-5; petiole 4-10 mm long; lamina narrowly obovate to narrowly elliptic, 4-20 cm long, 10-26 mm wide, obtuse or emarginate; margins not or slightly recurved, entire; upper surface dull green, pubescent, glabrescent; lower surface closely white-woolly. Inflorescence 5-12 cm long; involucral bracts 2-10 mm long, tomentose. Flowers pale yellow, including styles. Perianth 22-25 mm long including limb of 3.5-4.5 mm, closely pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Pistil straight or slightly curved, 27-32 mm long, glabrous; pollen presenter 0.5-1 mm long, scarcely thickened. Old flowers soon falling. Follicles up to c. 60, narrowly elliptic, 7-15 mm long, 3-10 mm high, 3-6 mm wide; valves semi-elliptic, smooth, tomentose, glabrescent. Seed obovate, 10-20 mm long; seed body ńcuneate, 6-10 mm long, ńsmooth"  (Flora of Australia Online).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Widespread along the east coast [of Australia] and inland to the nearby mountains, from Proserpine, Queensland, to Port Phillip Bay, Victoria"  (Flora of Australia Online).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1989) (voucher ID: BISH 514189)
Taxon name on voucher: Banksia integrifolia L.f.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2006) (p. 40)
East Maui. Vouchers cited: Starr & Starr 050719-1 (BISH), Starr, Starr & Bio 050817-3 (BISH)
Cultivated and sparingly naturalized.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Victoria
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 20 MAR 2012.