Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Bambusa spp.
Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Bambusa lako:  Evaluate, score: 1 (Go to the risk assessment).
Bambusa multiplex: 
Evaluate, score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment).
Bambusa oldhamii
: Evaluate, score: 1 (Go to the risk assessment).
Bambusa vulgaris: Low risk (based on second screen), score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment).

Common name(s): [more details]

Carolinian: bwai, bwai

Chamorro: pi‘ao, piao lahe, pi‘ao palaoan, piao paloan, pio titoca, tituka

Chinese: le zhu shu

Chuukese: iich

English: bamboo

Fijian: mbitu vavalangi

French: bambou

Hawaiian: ‘ohe

I-Kiribati: te kaibaba

Kosraean: bambu

Kwara‘ae: fi‘i kako

Maori (Cook Islands): koe, ko‘e, ko‘e papa‘ā, ko‘e tinitō

Marshallese: bae, koba

Nauruan: ebarabaratu, embarabaraba

Niuean: kaho palangi, kaho papalangi

Palauan: bambuu, esel

Pohnpeian: pehri, pehri en sapahn

Pukapukan: koe

Rakahanga-Manihiki: kohe, kohe

Samoan: ‘ofe, ‘ofe, ‘ofe Fiti, ‘ofe Fiti

Spanish: caña amarilla, caña verde

Tahitian: ‘ofe, ofe, ‘ohe

Tongan: kofe, pitu

Tuvaluan: kofe, pampu

Wallisian: kofe, kofe, kofefiti

Yapese: moor

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Perennial, woody, arborescent (tree-like) or rarely woody climbers; blades flat, usually with a petiole-like base, articulated with the sheath. Stamens usually 6.  Stigmas usually 3"  (Stone, 1970; p. 185).

Habitat/ecology:  Grows in dense clumps. In Fiji, Bambusa vulgaris "is the most common bamboo..., widespread along river banks and on hillsides from sea level up to 1,000 m altitude" (Smith, 1979; pp. 295-296).

Propagation:  Rhizomes, occasionally seed.

Native range:  Asia

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 122271)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Aguijan (Agiguan, Aguihan) Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 7)
Bambusa blumeana Schultes f., Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Aguijan (Agiguan, Aguihan) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1952) (voucher ID: BISH 699714)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa (Genus of Poaceae)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 11)
Bambusa vulgaris Voucher cited: Falanruw 1975 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 64)
Bambusa vulgaris Voucher cited: CBM-BS-58807
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1981) (voucher ID: BISH 507475)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1977) (p. 28)
Bambusa vulgaris. Voucher cited: Falanruw 3050 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1975) (voucher ID: BISH 414384)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 122296)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 7)
Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch., Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa blumeana Schultes f., Bambusa vulgaris
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 122280)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa blumeana Schult.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 122281)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa blumeana Schult.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 122295)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 73)
Bambusa vulgaris
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 79)
Bambusa vulgaris
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 85)
Bambusa vulgaris
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 91)
Bambusa vulgaris
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Bambusa vulgaris
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Bambusa vulgaris
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Bambusa vulgaris var. vulgaris and var. vittata
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Udot Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Udot Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 122292)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa multiplex, Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 10)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad.
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa multiplex, Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 126)
Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 54)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. Vouchers cited: M.J. Balick 3918 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 4114 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 4236 (NY, PTBG), F.R. Fosberg 26321 (BISH), R. Gallen 153 (NY, PTBG), R. Kanehira 861(BISH), P. Raynor 130 (NY); also Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult. & Schult. f., cultivated
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 122290)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 122294)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1998) (voucher ID: PTBG 34624)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2000) (voucher ID: PTBG 43289)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 43521)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Lamotrek Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1948) (voucher ID: BISH 122289)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 122293)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 31636)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. & J.H.Schult.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 31637)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. & J.H.Schult.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 637932)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 295-296)
Bambusa vulgaris Voucher cited: Howard 168
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 295-296)
Bambusa vulgaris Vouchers cited: Smith 4314, DA 11124, Parks 20382, DA 4022, DA 3897
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 31607)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 31608)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 31609)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 31638)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. & J.H.Schult.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 122274)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1927) (voucher ID: BISH 122275)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1927) (voucher ID: BISH 122276)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Bambusa vulgaris 'Aureo-Variegata'
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J. C.Wendl.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J. Wendl. Voucher cited: L. Dunn 409 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 41017)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult. & Schult. f. , Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J. C.Wendl.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 329)
Bambusa vulgaris; voucher cited: Moore 196, BRY 26415
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 98)
Bambusa vulgaris
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 329)
Bambusa vulgaris; vouchers cited: Grant 4342, Setchell l.c., BRY 26008
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Bambusa glaucescens (C.L. Willdenow) P.F. Siebold ex W. Munro. Voucher cited: J. Florence 2643 (PAP); also Bambusa vulgaris 'Aureo-Variegata'
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491718)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. & J.H.Schult.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 633853)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. & J.H.Schult.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 633854)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. & J.H.Schult.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1994) (voucher ID: BISH 639573)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1981) (voucher ID: PTBG 38245)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa sp.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Bambusa vulgaris H.A. Schrader
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Bambusa vulgaris 'Aureo-Variegata'
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 186)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrader; vouchers cited: MacGregor 541, G.E.S. 374, Stone 3775, det. McClure) (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa balcoa Roxb., Bambusa blumeana, Bambusa multiplex, Bambusa polymorpha Munro, Bambusa tulda Roxb., Bambusa vulgaris
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 7)
Bambusa blumeana Schultes f., Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch., Bambusa polymorpha Munro, Bambusa tulda Roxb., Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 122279)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa blumeana Schult.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 122282)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. & J.H.Schult.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 122283)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. & J.H.Schult.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 122284)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. & J.H.Schult.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 122291)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 122297)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 122298)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 507474)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 541512)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 591169)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1909) (voucher ID: BISH 39708)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex J.A. et J.H.Schult., Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Butaritari Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 77)
Bambusa sp.
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Marakei Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 3)
Bambusa sp.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa blumeana, Bambusa multiplex. Presence not verified.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 48)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 67)
Bambusa vulgaris; voucher cited Hassall 217 (SUVA)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
abo. intro.
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 380)
Forment de grosses touffes sans inflorescences, surtout sur alluvions humides.
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (pp. 233-234)
Bambusa malingensis McClure, Bambusa multiplex, Bambusa vulgaris. Vouchers cited: CHR 168793, CHR 168796, CHR 168791, CHR 168792, CHR 168795
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 21)
Bambusa spp. Vouchers cited: Yuncker 9987 (BISH), Yuncker 10193 (BISH)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 39)
Bambusa vulgaris
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 84)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 20)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1941) (voucher ID: BISH 122287)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1996) (voucher ID: BISH 689518)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1981) (voucher ID: BNM 3114)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1996) (voucher ID: BNM 26610)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa atra Lindley, Bambusa blumeana, Bambusa vulgaris
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 122285)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 122286)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 660256)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 660257)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 660260)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa atra Lindl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 660261)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa atra Lindl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 699712)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa (Genus of Poaceae)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 699713)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa (Genus of Poaceae)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1974) (voucher ID: BNM 10069)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1958) (voucher ID: BNM 125)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa sp.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1958) (voucher ID: BNM 126)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa sp.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 79)
Bambusa vulgaris
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 79)
Bambusa vulgaris
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Palau Islands (main island group)   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1933) (voucher ID: BISH 122288)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1968) (voucher ID: BNM 123)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad.
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago   Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 55)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad.
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville Islands
Bougainville Island   Foreman, D. B. (1971) (p. 25)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (p. 95)
In the settled areas at low and medium altitudes.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Parham, B. E. V. (1972)
Bambusa vulgaris
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 50)
Bambusa vulgaris
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1960) (voucher ID: BISH 122270)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 58)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 50)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 52)
Bambusa vulgaris; vouchers cited Yuncker 15224, Yuncker 15256
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 122267)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 611051)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 1001961)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 64)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 52)
Bambusa vulgaris; voucher cited: Yuncker 16161
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 122269)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Nui Atoll   Woodroffe, C. D. (1985) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: Woodroffe 185 (CHR)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Futuna Island introduced
invasive
Morat, Ph./Veillon, J.-M. (1985)
Bambusa vulgaris. Morat & Veillon, 1985, cited in Meyer, 2007
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 26)
Bambusa vulgaris
Perhaps naturalized
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Bambusa multiplex, Bambusa vulgaris and numerous other native bamboos.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (pp. 324-327)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 193)
Bambusa multiplex Raeusch.
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Edgar, E./Connor, H. (2000) (p. 21)
Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Schult. et Schult.f., "Roadside bank and nearby gully, in scrub dominated by naturalised spp.; probably originating from cast out garden refuse".
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 17)
Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult & Schult. f., cultivated only; Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J. C. Wendl., casual
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
cultivated
Stoddart, D. R./Taylor, J. D., eds. (1971) (p. 145)
Bambusa vulgaris. Voucher cited: Stoddart 888 (K)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 32)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl.
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Rivers, Julie (2004) (pp. 2, 7)
Bambusa vulgaris
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult. & Schult. f., Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex Wendl. "Cultivé/±envahissant"
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Comité français de l'Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature en France (2013)
Bambusa multiplex, Bambusa vulgaris
envahissant principalement dans les milieux perturbés
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 11)
Bambusa arundinacea Willd., Bambusa multiplex (Lour.)Rauschel?, Bambusa vulgaris Schrad.
French Territory of Mayotte
Mayotte Islands
Mayotte Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Comité français de l'Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature en France (2013)
Bambusa multiplex, Bambusa vulgaris
envahissant principalement dans les milieux perturbés
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Cousin Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 52106 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Frégate Island   Robertson, S. A./Todd, D. M. (1983) (p. 57)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. Voucher cited: Todd 11
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida)   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1903) (voucher ID: BISH 122278)
Taxon name on voucher: Bambusa (Genus of Poaceae)

Comments:  Occasional clumps occur in forested areas. Bamboo species should be introduced cautiously and monitored closely.

Control: 

Physical: Digging plants out may require heavy equipment. Continuing removal will probably be necessary due to resprouting. Continued cutting or mowing will eventually kill most plants by exhausting food reserves.

"Livestock will graze shoots but cannot bring down large plants" (Motooka et al., 2003).

Chemical: Remove tops and spray regrowth with Glyphosate® or Amitrole® 2%. Velpar® can be used but is persistent in the soil. However, it has been reported that glyphosate does not adequately translocate to the rhizomes (Dick Veitch, communication to Aliens list server).

Control is difficult.  "Best to cut down and spray the regrowth. In forests and other non-cropland, imazapyr or glyphosate plus fluazifop are effective (J. DeFrank, Univ. Hawai‘i)"  (Motooka et al., 2003).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 30 DEC 2011.