Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Atractocarpus fitzalanii
(F.Muell.) Puttock, Rubiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Gardenia fitzalanii F. Muell.; Randia fitzalanii (F. Muell.) Benth.; Trukia fitzalanii (F. Muell.) Fosberg

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic or obovate; apex acuminate, apiculate or acute; base cuneate or attenuate; margin entire.  Inflorescence terminal or axillary, a panicle.  Flowers bisexual, large, with distinct sepals and petals, five-merous, actinomorphic.  Calyx white, cream, green or yellow.  Corolla white or cream.  Fruit yellow, fleshy, indehiscent.  Leaves:  Stipules often quite large, about 3 cm long, drawn out into a fine point at the apex, enclosing the terminal bud on each twig.  Stem:  Usually a small tree seldom exceeing 30 cm dbh.  Blaze sometimes marked by red speckles.  Flowers:  Calyx lobes small and inconspicuous.  Flowers quite large, corolla tube about 10 mm long with corolla lobes about 15 mm long.  Anthers sessile, 6-7 mm long, included in the corolla tube.  Style + stigma about 14-17 mm long, swollen part about 9-12 mm long, stigmatic lobes 6-10 mm long.  Fruit:  Fruits globular, ellipsoid, about 60-70 x 50-55 mm, calyx often persisting at the apex.  Seeds numerous, flattened, about 8 x 6-7 mm.  Cotyledons wider than the hypocotyl.  Seedlings:  Cotyledons broadly ovate to orbicular, 14-22 mm long.  At the tenth leaf stage: leaves obovate, glabrous, apex cuneate to acuminate, base attenuate, midrib raised on the upper surface; stipules interpetiolar, elongate triangular, 1-3 cm long"  (Hyland & Whiffin, 1993; pp. 434-435).

"[Tree] characterized by dark green, glabrous, obovate-ovate leaves 1-20 cm long.  Leaves are commonly oblanceolate in seedlings.  The flowers are white and fragrant, and the fruit is yellow at maturity, ca. 8 cm in diameter, and many-seeded"  (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 11).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, planted in Lyon Arboretum where thousands of seedlings and dozens of saplings were observed, some up to 300 m away from the original plantings  (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 11).  In Queensland, Australia, "grows as an understory tree in well-developed rain forest on a variety of sites.  Altitudinal range from sea level to 1200 m"  (Hyland & Whiffin, 1993; vol. 2, p. 435).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical Asia and Australia (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 11). Queensland, Australia (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Daehler, Curtis C./Baker, Raymond F. (2006) (p. 11)
As Randia fitzalani F. Muell. Invasive in Lyon Arboretum. Vouchers cited: C. Daehler 1317 (BISH), C. Daehler 1094 (HAW), S. Ishikawa 72 (HLA)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1952) (voucher ID: BISH 450127)
Taxon name on voucher: Trukia fitzalanii (F.Muell.) Fosberg
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 8 DEC 2009 and was last updated on 1 MAR 2013.