Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
(H.Wendland) Wendl. & Drude, Arecaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 6 (revised 22 January 2008) (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Jessenia amazonum Drude; Loroma amethystina O. F. Cook; Loroma cunninghamiana (H. Wendl.) O. F. Cook; Ptychosperma cunninghamianum H. Wendl.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: bangalow palm, Picabeen palm, piccabeen bangalow palm, piccabeen palm

Habit:  tree

Description:  "This is a very similar palm to Archontophoenix alexandrae in both appearance and size (it gets to about 25 metres (80 feet) tall with a spread of about 2 - 2.5 metres (10 - 15 feet)).  The leaves, which have paler stalks, are bright green above and below, although there can also be brown scales underneath. They are much heavier looking than A. alexandrae , and consequntly are more likely to be damaged by heavy winds. Thus they are often better suited to more sheltered areas, while A. alexandrae can take more exposed positions.  The base of the petioles form a greenish-yellow to brown crownshaft that the leaves rarely droop below. The trunk is smooth and ringed with noticeable leaf scars, although thinner and with more widely spaced rings than A. alexandrae . It can get to about 1/3 meter (one foot) in diameter. Flowers are formed below the crownshaft with the creamy flower stalks holding mauve flowers. The round green fruit, about 12 mm (1/2 inch) in diameter, turn bright red at maturity. There is often a noticeable bulge in the crownshaft before the flowers emerge which gives the tree a "pregnant" look"  (Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia).

Habitat/ecology:  Tropical and subtropical climate.  "Rainforests of central eastern Australian coast.  They do like more water than most palms, with some even thriving in poorly drained areas. In their native habitat, they can often be seen growing next to and even in creek beds."  (Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Australia (New South Wales and Queesland) (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 76517)
Taxon name on voucher: Archontophoenix cunninghamiana (H.Wendland) Wendl. & Drude
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 110)
As Archontophoenix cunninghamii (H. Wendl.) H. Wendl. & Drude
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 15)
Cultivated only

Comments:  Reported invasive in Brazil ("The invasion of a Brazilian tropical forest fragment by the Australian palm tree Archontophoenix cunninghamiana")


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 24 DEC 2007 and was last updated on 10 FEB 2013.