Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Aphanamixis polystachya
(Wall.) R.N. Parker, Meliaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Aglaia polystachya Wall.; Amoora rohituka (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.; Andersonia rohituka Roxb.; Ricinocarpodendron polystachyum (Wall.) Mabb.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: shan lian

English: amoora

Malayan: gerantong tengah

Thai: lao hang, ma hang kan, ta suea

Habit:  shrub/tree

Description:  "Trees or shrubs, (2-)2 0-30 m tall. Leaves odd- or even- pinnate, 30-60 (-90) cm; leaflets (5-) 9-21, opposite; petiolules (2-) 6-12 mm; leaflet blades oblong-elliptic, elliptic, or ovate, (7-) 17-26 x 4-10 cm with basal pair smallest, membranous when young, subleathery to leathery when mature, with visible transparent tiny spots under sunlight, both surfaces glabrous, secondary veins (8-) 11-20 on each side of midvein and slender, base oblique and cuneate to broadly cuneate or sometimes one side rounded, margin entire, apex caudate-acuminate to obtuse. Inflorescences axillary, less than 30 cm. Flowers 6-7 mm in diameter, with 3 bracteoles. Sepals 5, suborbicular, 1-1.5 mm in diameter, margin sometimes ciliate. Petals 3-7 mm in diameter, concave. Staminal tube globose, glabrous; anthers 5 or 6, oblong. Ovary 3-locular, with thick trichomes. Capsule spherical-pyriform to nearly ovoid, 2-2.5 x 2.5-3 cm, orangish when mature. Seeds grayish brown, oblate, 1.3-1.5 x 1-1.2 cm"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native), "dense or sparse mixed evergreen broad-leaved and deciduous forests in mountainous regions; low to middle elevations"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Southern and Southeastern Asia to Papua New Guinea and the Philippines; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: PTBG 14731)
Taxon name on voucher: Aphanamixis polystachya
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1932) (voucher ID: BISH 58163)
Taxon name on voucher: Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) R.N.Parker
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) native
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 14)
Endangered
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 2 OCT 2012 and was last updated on 8 OCT 2012.