Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Anthoxanthum nitens
(Weber) Schouten & Veldkamp, Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 4 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Hierochloe borealis Roem. & Schult.; Hierochloe odorata (L.) P. Beauv.; Holcus odoratus L.; Poa nitens Weber; Torresia odorata (L.) Hitchc.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: mao xiang

English: holy grass, manna grass, Seneca grass, sweet grass, vanilla grass

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Plant with slender creeping rhizomes. Culms 20-60 cm tall, 3-4-noded. Leaf sheaths glabrous or ± pubescent, longer than internodes; basal leaf blades up to 30 cm, 3-10 mm wide, culm leaves much shorter, glabrous or adaxial surface puberulous, margins scabrid, apex acuminate; ligule 2-5 mm, obtuse. Panicle pyramidal, loose, 4-10 cm; branches spreading, smooth, bare in lower half. Spikelets plumply elliptic, 3.5-6 mm, light brown, shining; glumes subequal, as long as spikelet, 1-3-veined; callus of staminate florets stiffly hairy (or glabrous in E. Asia); lower florets staminate, lemmas slightly shorter than glumes, puberulous on back above middle, margins shortly ciliate, apex acute or minutely mucronate; bisexual floret ca. 3.5 mm, appressed-pubescent toward apex; palea 1-veined; anthers ca. 2.5 mm"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native), "mountain slopes, floodplains, wet grasslands; 500-3800 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  North America (United States and Canada), Europe, Asia (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
North Korea
North Korea
North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 18 NOV 2010.