Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Anthemis arvensis
L., Asteraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: corn chamomile, field chamomile, mayweed, scentless chamomile

French: anthémis des champs, fausse camomille

Spanish: manzanilla silvestre

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Annuals (sometimes persisting), (5-) 10-30+ [-80] cm, not notably scented. Stems green or reddish, decumbent (sometimes rooting at nodes) or ascending to erect, branched mostly proximally, ± strigoso-sericeous or villous, glabrescent. Leaf blades 15-35 x 8-16 mm, 1-2-pinnately lobed (ultimate lobes triangular to narrowly elliptic or linear). Peduncles mostly 4-15 cm (sometimes clavate in fruit). Involucres 6-13 mm in diameter, ± villous. Receptacles paleate throughout; paleae lanceolate to oblanceolate, weakly navicular (± carinate), 3-4+ mm (including acuminate-spinose tips). Ray florets 5-20, pistillate, fertile; corollas white, rarely tinged with pink, laminae 5-15 mm. Disc corollas (sometimes tinged with purple) 2-3(-4) mm. Cypselae 1.7-2+ mm, ribs smooth or weakly tuberculate (sometimes separated by relatively deep furrows); pappi 0 or coroniform (0.01+ mm)"  (Flora of North America online).

Description from Flora of New Zealand.

Habitat/ecology:  In North America, "disturbed sites, abandoned plantings; 10-400+ m"  (Flora of North America online).  In New Zealand, "casual or local in waste places, pasture and ballast"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 158).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Canary Islands, northern Africa, western Asia (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 551)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Grows in grassy areas in the Guyra, Taree and Taralga areas".
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 189)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 158)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Chile (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. (2013)
N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que,
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 8 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 2 APR 2011.