Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Anodendron paniculatum
A.DC., Apocynaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Echites paniculatus Roxb.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Andamanese bowstring plant, twin-net

French: liane parachute

Habit:  vine

Description:  Liana to 20 m.  "The species is characterized by terminal or axillary panicles up to 15 cm long, each bearing small white or yellowish tubular flowers; and by large fruits (paired follicles or 'pods' up to 16 cm long, 3 cm wide, black when ripe) containing small flattened seeds (1-2 cm long, 0.6-0.8 mm wide), each attached to a long white silky coma (or 'tuft') 5-9 cm long"  (Meyer, 2007; p. 10).

Habitat/ecology:  "In its native range...in evergreen or secondary forests up to 1700 m elevation.  During our 2005-2006 plant surveys, we found A. paniculatum locally naturalized in the secondary and primary rainforests of Tahiti from 50-600 m elevation in the center of the island (Lake Vaihiria and Mataiea Valley to the south, Papenoo Valley to the north, more than 12 km from the [Harrison smith botanical Garden]), on roadsides, riverbanks, steep slopes and small plateaus, smothering the canopy of non-native and native trees"  (Meyer, 2007; p. 10).

Propagation:  Wind-dispersed seed (Meyer, 2007; p. 10).

Native range:  India, Bangladesh, Burma, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia (Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Philippines) and Malesia (Indonesia, Malaysia)  (Meyer, 2007; p. 10).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 10-11)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Anodendrum manubriatum E.D. Merrill. Vouchers cited: J. Florence 2608 (PAP), F.R. Fosberg 62898 (PAP)
Cultivée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 10)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 10-11)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 333)
In thickets and forests at low altitudes.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 10-11)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 10-11)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 10-11)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 10-11)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 10-11)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Andaman Islands
Andaman Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Nicobar Islands
Nicobar Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mascarene Islands
Mascarene Islands (Mauritius, La Reunion, Rodrigues)
Mascarene Islands introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 10)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 13 AUG 2008 and was last updated on 13 AUG 2008.