Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Anoda acerifolia
Cav., Malvaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: anoda

Spanish: campanilla morada, malva cienagera, panelitas, violeta del campo

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Erect or decumbent, branching annual to about 7 dm tall, the stems, petioles, and peduncles moderately simple-setose and usually stellulate as well, eventually glabrate; leaves petiolate, blades polymorphic, mostly broadly deltoid to narrowly triangular, unlobed or hastately lobed to palmately 5-lobed, apex acute, margins entire or sometimes coarsely serrate toward base, this broadly obtuse, truncate or subcordate, the surfaces above and below openly and inconspicuously appressed simple-setose, more densely so at margins, stipules filiform to lanceolate, to 6 mm long; flowers solitary in axils on pedicels about 3-8 cm long, these to 15 cm long in fruit; calyx campanulate, sparsely hispid, to (5) 7-9 mm long, ovate- to triangular-lobed, in fruit rotate and subtending the mericarps, to 20 mm broad; petals white (in [Gal pagos]), lavender, or purplish, 12-15 mm long, obovate, obliquely rounded to subemarginate apically, ciliate at basal margins; staminal column included, about 4 mm long, filaments terminal, to 2 mm long; schizocarp discoid, yellowish-hispid above, 11-15 mm broad, including spines, the mericarps 9-15, dorsally gibbous or with horizontal spine 1-1.5 (2.5) mm long, lateral walls evanescent, in part adhering to seed coat, dorsal and apical wall bilamellar, inner portion forming white to black, coarsely fenestrate dorsal hood over the free, brownish, muricate seed"  (Wiggins & Porter, 1971; p. 671).

Habitat/ecology:  Moist uplands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p. 185).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical America (McMullen, 1999; p. 185).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Galápagos Islands
Galápagos Islands   Wiggins, I. L./Porter, D. M. (1971) (p. 671)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 27)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 20 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 14 MAR 2008.