Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Annona neosericea
Annonaceae
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Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate; score: 2 (Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment for Annona neosericea)

Other Latin names:  Rollinia dolabripetala var. sericea R. E. Fr.; Rollinia sericea (R. E. Fr.) R. E. Fr.; Rollinia sericea var. longisepala R. E. Fr.

Common name(s): [more details]

Portuguese: araticu pecanine, araticum, cortiça, cortiça-ourica, curtição, curtiça, pinha da mata

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Annona neosericea is a semideciduous tree with a spreading, flat-topped crown; it can grow 5 - 15 metres tall. The bole can be 40 - 50cm in diameter" (Lorenzi 2002)

Habitat/ecology:  Ombrophyllous Forest: Atlantic Rainforest (Brazil); endemic to Brazil (Brazilian Flora 2020)

Propagation:  "Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing. Sow the seed as sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A low germination rate can be expected from untreated seed, with the seed sprouting within 30 - 50 days [420]. The seed has a short viability in storage [420]." (Useful Tropical Plants)

Native range:  Brazil (GRIN)

endemic to southern Brazil (Espérito Santo, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina) (reference includes distribution map) (Brazilian Flora 2020)

Impacts and invaded habitats:  (no invaded habitats or impacts known by PIER; please let us know if you know of such information we should add here)

Presence:

Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
South America (non-Pacific rim)
South America (non-Pacific rim)
Brazil native
Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro (year unknown)
endemic to Brazil, confirmed locations only in four states (Espírito Santo, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina)

Comments:  "The edible fruit is much appreciated within the plants native range, where it is often harvested from the wild for local use. The tree also yields a fibre and wood for local use. It can be used as a pioneer for restoring native woodland and establishing woodland gardens and, with its ornamental foliage, is suitable for landscaping." (Lorenzi 2002)

The original description of the basionym (Rollinia dolabripetala var. sericea) is available online.

Control:  (control info not known by PIER)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 12 SEP 2017 and was last updated on 21 MAY 2018.