Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Aniseia martinicensis
(Jacq.) Choisy, Convolvulaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Aniseia uniflora (Burm. f.) Choisy; Convolvulus martinicensis Jacq.; Convolvulus uniflorus Burm. f.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: whitejacket

Palauan: tehelel-aul

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Twining perennial herb with slender thinly pubescent or glabrescent stems, sometimes rooting below. Leaf lamina narrowly to broadly oblong up to 6 x 2 cm., obtuse at the apex but minutely mucronate, cuneate at base, glabrescent or thinly pubescent, particularly at the margins and on the nerves below; petiole up 10 mm. long. Flowers usually solitary; peduncle up to 35 cm. long; pedicels up to 6 mm. long. Sepals ovate up to 15 mm. long, acute, enlarging in fruit up to 23 mm. and becoming scarious and venose. Corolla white, about 2 cm. long. Capsule elongate-ovoid, glabrous. Seeds black, minutely pilose, with a tuft of brown hairs near the hilum"  (Aluka [no current valid link to reference is available])

"A creeping or twining vine; leaf blades narrowly lanceolate to ovate, 4-8 cm long, up to 2 (-5) cm broad, obtuse to acute at base; 3 outer sepals 12-20 mm long, becoming scariose and venose in fruit; corolla white, 20-30 mm long; filaments pilose at base; fruit ovoid, 1.5-2 cm long, subtended by enlarged calyx, the seeds 4-6 mm in diameter, sometimes woolly at angles"  (Smith, 1991; p. 44).

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "found sparingly as a weed in cultivated areas, sometimes in swamps and forest in open country near sea level"  (Smith, 1991; p. 44).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Originally from tropical America, now pantropical and occurring eastward in the Pacific at least to Fiji and Tonga"  (Smith, 1991; p. 44).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 221)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 221)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island probably introduced
Raulerson, L./Rinehart, A. F./Falanruw, M. C. (1996) (p. 27)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island probably introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 4)
Voucher: Lorence 9905 (PTBG, BNM, NY, BISH, US)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2008) (voucher ID: PTBG 198)
Taxon name on voucher: Aniseia martinicensis
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1998) (voucher ID: PTBG 27682)
Taxon name on voucher: Anisea martinicensis (Jacq.) Choisy
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Palau Islands (main island group) introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Otobed, D./Sachet, M.-H./Oliver, R. L./Powell, D. A./Canfield, J. E. (1980) (p. 37)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 359)
Among grasses in fresh-water swamps at low altitudes; very rare or local.
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 44)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 224)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 13)
Naturalised
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 13 APR 2008 and was last updated on 13 NOV 2008.